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This is a solution of Australian Contract Law Assignment Help in which we discuss the event occurred in Brazil, the company BHP Billiton Ltd.

Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Professional Conduct in 2010

Australian Contract Law Assignment HelpAs accordance to the event occurred in Brazil, the company BHP Billiton Ltd cannot come out of the issue without taking the responsibility. The company is doing mining over that place and whatever happened to the site is more or less the impact of the dam that the company did not look after. Bowles et al. (2016) mentioned that the Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Professional Conduct in 2010 clearly states a company, which is a member of Engineers Australia, must follow the guidelines mentioned in the ethics code. The very starting segment of demonstrating integrity suggests it clearly that a company must be well informed when they are working on a particular issue. Here, from the incident of a mudslide at the Valley of Gualaxo River, it is proved that they had not at all given importance to know that what can be the consequence of the breakage of the dam. As a co-owner of the mining project with the local company Samarco, it was the duty of the company to be well informed and aware of the result and not doing that; they made a violation of the ethical codes (Abc.net.au, 2016). They have also told the localities that there is nothing to be feared off from the project, and no warnings are being issued to the villagers of Bento Rodrigues.

However, being honest and trustworthy is another important code mentioned ethical code practice. Romani and Szkudlarek, (2014) pointed out that the law explicitly indicates that one must accept the faults if they committed one and open to fair criticism. However, from the current incident of Brazilian village, it is clear that the company has distanced itself from the mining mishap, which is unethical, and the company must take the ethical responsibility and help the victims of the mudslide. The company though had promised to evacuate the local people in case of any disaster, but it is evident from the happening that they have also failed to keep the promises (Engineersaustralia.org.au, 2016).

However, another important code of ethics is promoted sustainability and must remain concern about the public and foster the wellbeing of the community and environment. The Company also did not mention the potential impact of the dam and due to that, not only the local community that has suffered but also the environment has suffered dangerously. The water system of the river has been affected, and nothing in the river life has lived. However, as a responsible company, BHP Billiton Ltd has ordered an investigation to find out that what is responsible for this natural disaster. Though the claim is that the company has overlooked the warning, but it is subject to the inquiry.

It is also a responsibility of the organization BHP Billiton Ltd to communicate properly with the partner company Samarco, which is also a standard company in mining and maintains a high regard. However, the investigation of BHP would also focus on the issues that how Samarco is keeping the level on the practical field in compare to the others.

Thus is it is proved that there are certain areas where the company has failed to live up the with the codes of ethical practices of the enterprise.

Proposals to be considered in the coming time:

It is important that the company BHP Billiton Ltd must take the legal issues into consideration before investing in different problems. There are some critical issues has come in front while discussing the role of the company in the catastrophic disaster in Brazil. However, the laws are changing on a constant basis to give more protection to the people and the environment. Thus in such situation, the company must look after into the strides with more severe thought. Based on the issues aroused in BHP Billiton Ltd, in the case of iron mining in co-collaborating with Samarco, here are individual proposals likely to be proposed.

Showing integrity: This one of the core proposal to the board is to showing necessary integrity and act only based the conscience. The company had board members in Samarco, but they did not bring the issues related to dam under the table despite knowing that it might affect the life of the people of the Bento Rodrigues. The company officials must be careful from the next time as it not only affects the business reputation but also legal charges can be framed against them. O’leary et al. (2013) mentioned that it is very needful that company and its officials must act aptly in case they felt anything to be wrong.

Accepting Criticism: The company must be prepared of listening to any  criticism, as valid criticism can be constructive also. Also, Bowles et al. (2016) mentioned that one must explain the reasons of a particular working.

Gaining adequate knowledge: Another important issue is to obtain proper knowledge regarding a particular issue. It has been seen that BHP Billiton Ltd has ignored the problems related to the dam in earlier. They had trusted Samarco, but failed to point out the issues of concern, and thus they had been held responsible in issues of dam collapsing.

Communication errors: It has also been clear that a lack of communication was present there due to which the members of BHP Billiton Ltd who were also a board member of Samarco failed to point out the issues related to the company (Consumerlaw.gov.au, 2016).

Stay with the community: Another major fault of the company, which has heat them at the bottom line is that they were not with the people during a problem. None of the officials has visited the place, neither provided any relief to the victims of the mud slide. They also failed to cope up with their promises of being with local people, but somehow they have failed.

Environment Concern: the changing laws are getting very strict with a particular reference to the environment. Thus, the company must concentrate that whatever the project they have taken must not misbalance the ecosystem of the environment, which happened in the case of Brazilian valley.

Therefore from these proposals, it is clear that the laws may get stricter to safeguard the people and the environment, but the company must use these rules in a way which makes the company beneficiary and must not suffer any economic hit.

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This is a solution of Managing Across Borders Assignment Help in which we discuss business management of the organization.

In this specific study, the cross border business management of the organization TCS will be discussed in the details. Additionally the similarities and the differences of the cross borders operation and the national operation will also be described accordingly. The necessary skill sets of the managers in the cross border activities of the organization will also be described in details. The challenges associated with the international business operation along with the different legislative stringency will also be considered as the germane aspect of the discussion in this specific business report. In the concluding section of the study the chief points of the entire discussion will be summarized in order to draw the appropriate conclusion regarding the issue of the cross border operation of the international businesses.

 Discussion

As far as the views of Bartlett, (2011) are concerned, the international business operation is fraught with risks from different dimensions along with the chances of the success factors which can augment the organization with enormous growth and the stability. Besides this the international operation of the organizations in the business related aspects also provides the opportunity to build the proper brand name of  the organization in the global market, which have quite great impact on the local, regional and the international market as well. In this case, of the Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), the organization has their international operation in the several other countries apart from India. Hence, the managers of the organization are also required to have that much excellence and capabilities to handle and operate the international business with efficiency. There are several aspects like the varying cultures, different working environment, completely different sentiments of the workers in different geographic locations etc. The mangers are required to take care of the entire factors in order to run the business successfully. Additionally Verbeke, (2013) added that, TCS has the reputation as the employee friendly organization in the worldwide scenario. Thus, the operational excellence of the managers of the TCS can be comprehended accordingly.

In order to discuss about the cross national similarities and the dissimilarities in the operational practices from the management perspective some facts of the Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) are required to be discussed in depth. TCS always follow the rules of 30% in the employment process of the international operations, as described by Fournier & Mendling, (2015). The organization always employs 30% of the lead management staffs from their mother organization from India, and apart from that, the other 70% of the employees are selected from the local location of the business operation. For example, after 2005 when the organization started to acquire a range of the global organization worldwide, the organization started to follow the rule of 30%. In the Australia operation, the organization employed more than 75% of the local employees of the Australia in the business. In contrast Deresky, (2010) opined that, the organization could have saved considerable amount of dollars if the skilled peoples from India would have been employed overseas. However, in order to help the Australian economy with a purpose of the sustainable business development, TCS had taken steps of the local employment policies. As far as the unemployment data of Australia is concerned according to the Phillips curve the rate of the unemployment has been brought down to the level of 5.1% in 2006, in which TCS solely has contributed 0.28% as the foreign organization, as mentioned by Dinnie, (2015). Hence, it can be mentioned that the employment policies of the TCS in the foreign countries are mostly similar. On the other hand, the prime dissimilarities are the provision modification power in the intra organizational operation are provided to the National managers of the country. The international managers are independent but need to clarify and required to give their proper explanations for implementation of the strategic movement in the organization overseas. As per the views of Dunning, (2014), this have might be introduced to prevent the total decentralization of the power in the organization, as the company TCS generally does not follow the subsidiary business in the overseas location. TCS owns the business and run it efficiently by their superior management skills.

However, this training cost the organization almost USD $1 million worldwide. After the training session within the next 2 years period, the organization experienced a growth the human resource development and the overall employee retention margin increased by 3.83% in comparison with the previous five years span.  For example, the laid-back working pattern of Australia is quite different from the high involvement working structure of UK. Thus, in order to develop the skills sets the organization TCS has taken different approaches as well, as described by Wild et al., (2014). The Australian working culture is more innovation based than the disciplined UK working force. Thus, the managers of the organization TCS has given proper effort to nurture the existing skills of the employees in different geographic location, rather than imposing the disciplinary action on the employees as universal standards. As described by Verbeke, (2013), in order to extend the future business of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) in China, the organization will have to remain more concerned regarding the cultural stringencies. Thus, it can be mentioned that the organization TCS has reflected properly upon the aspects of the training requirement of their managers in order help them emerge as the global business leaders. This approach has helped them to lead the business to a completely new height while remaining concerned about the cultural differences of the different countries.

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This is a solution of Type of Investment Assignment Help that describes about The intention of such type of investment is to preserve the value of investment portfolio.

Beta values and calculation of expected rate of return using CAPM

(i) The calculated beta of Altona Mining Limited is 1.55.

(ii) Risk Free Rate = 4%

Market Risk Premium is 6%

As per Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)

Required Rate of Return = Risk Free Rate + Beta X Market Risk premium

= 4% + 1.55 X 6%

= 13.30%

(iii) Conservative Investment refers to as the investment into the low risk or fixed income securities generally in large cap equities. The intention of such type of investment is to preserve the value of investment portfolio. With regards to the investment in the shares of Alton Mining Limited, it cannot be considered as conservative investment since the beta of the company is 1.55 which means that the investment is not risk free. However the risk is low and share price is less volatile but the investment is not risk free and thus it is not a conservative investment (Fabozzi, 2012).

Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)

(i) Calculation of WACC

The rate of interest on the major long-term source of finance of company which is a financial lease liability is EURIBOR + 2.5%. Considering the EURIBOR presently is -0.379%, the rate of interest for the company (Kd) will be 2.12% (-0.379% + 2.5%).

The estimated cost of equity capital (Ke) as calculated above is 13.3%.

The equity of company is $ 61,779,000 and the total debt of the company is $3,013,000. The tax rate is 30%.

WACC = Kd(1-t) X Wd + Ke X We

Where, Kd is cost of debt

Ke is the estimated cost of equity

t is the tax rate applicable on company

Wd is the weight of debt

We is the weight of equity

Thus, WACC = 2.12% (1-0.30) X 3,013/(3,013 + 61,779) + 13.30 X 61,779/3,013 + 61,779)

= 1.48% X 0.047 + 13.30 X 0.953

= 12.74%

 Implications of higher WACC

Higher WACC represents higher risk for the operations of the company. A WACC indicates the cost of different sources of finance including cost of payment of debt obligations, and cost of equity financing. Thus higher WACC will result in higher costs for the company on the prospective investment projects such as Cloncurry Project. Thus the cost of proposed investments of the company will be more than as estimated by the management evaluation due to a higher WACC and also it will result in higher risks for the company (Antelo, 2012).

Analysis of gearing ratios and improvement towards optimal capital structure

(i) During the last four years the gearing ratio of company has declined at a substantial rate. The gearing ratio in the year 2012 was 0.29 which declined to 0.15 in the year 2014 and 0.016 in 2015. The less gearing ratio for the company implies optimal capital structure and solvency of the company in the long-term. The declining trend in the gearing ratios of the company shows the low risk of company. However very less gearing is also not optimum for the capital structure since the capital structure of the company in this case comprise more of equity as compared to debt. The capital structure will not be stable if the gearing ratios of company will tend to decline substantially (Kim, 2012).

(ii) Since last few years the company suffered failures due to its debt loads therefore the company therefore the prospective investment project of the company, Cloncurry Project as reported by the Chairman Kevin Maloney will be developed with substantial allowance for working capital amount and overruns without recourse to debt in order to amend the gearing ratio.

Dividend Policy

During the year company declared and paid unfranked dividend of 3 cents per share and equity capital return of 12 cents per share. The policy of payment of dividend includes creation of profit reserve from the allocated amount of retrained earnings preserved by the company for the possible dividend payments in future. The dividend policy of company is focused on payment to shareholders rather than retaining the earnings.

 Letter of recommendation

To,

The Client

Subject: Recommendations for investment

It is to provide the information to assist in making decision about whether to invest in the shares of Altona Mining Limited or not. The recommendation will be based on the financial analysis of the company conducted for the past four years and the data and figures extracted from the annual report of company.

From the analysis and evaluation of financial performance of the company and calculation and analysis of its financial ratios it can be concluded that the company is earning good returns for its investors and is paying dividend regularly. Thus if the investor has an objective of earning returns from the investment with long term growth prospective it is recommended to invest in the shares of the company. Also it can be observed that the return on assets of company is less than its required rate of return or estimated cost of capital but the company is in less risky position due to its gearing ratios and sound liquidity position.

Since you have a diversified portfolio, the investment of $1million in the shares of the company is recommended to you.

Regards

Investment Advisor

Conclusion

From the above report about the financial analysis and detailed information extracted from the various sources and research via internet it can be concluded that the financial analysis helps in deciding about whether to invest in the shares of a company or not. The investment decision is crucial for an investor and therefore it shall be based on a complete analysis and evaluation rather than available information in the report of directors of the company.

References
  • Antelo, M. & Peon, D. 2012, Financial Markets, Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Balan, A.I., Bîrsan, M. & Susu, S. 2011, “ECONIMIC AND FINANCIAL ANALISYS – DETERMINANT OF BEHAVIOR IN ORGANIZATIONS”,  Seria Stiinte Economice, , pp. 778-785.
  • Fabozzi, F.J. 2012, Encyclopedia of Financial Models, 3 Volume Set, Volume 3 Vol. Set (1),John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  • Halili E., Saleh A. and Zeitun R. 2015, ‘Governance and Long-Term Operating Performance of Family and Non-Family Firms in Australia’ , Studies in Economics and Finance, 32, no.4, pp.398-421.
  • Harris J. 2015, “VIDEO PPR-TV: Shareholders Sign-off on Altona’s (ASX:AOH) A$80 Million Capital Return”, ABN Newswire
  • History of ASX, viewed Jan 30 2016 ,http://www.asx.com.au/about/asx/history/history ASX.htm.
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This is a solution of Business Activities Assignment Help that describes about realized that loss is termed as capital loss that get incurred by the individual taxpayer and his spouse.

This case put emphasis over the issue that the loss with the sale of an isolate property is deductible or not under the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 subsection 51(1). It was realized that loss is termed as capital loss that get incurred by the individual taxpayer and his spouse. Such kind of capital loss get adjusted against the capital gain and business income is not utilised for the purpose of setting off capital loss. The land owners were not indulge into land selling business activities and with this effect the sale of land get considered as the sale of capital asset. Therefore, the realisation of excessive amount or loss should get considered as capital profit or capital loss and get separately assessable under capital gain tax regime. The earned income was not fall under the subsection 25(1). Along with this it is not considered as the profit because it is not an profit making scheme by the tax-payer. Later on property was leave for the purpose of farming and the available assets render supportive fact that it was sold for realising and didn’t considered as business or profit making purpose (Barrett, 2012).

Casimaty v FC of T 97 ATC 5135

As per this case taxpayer get the piece of land “Action View” from his father which was utilised for the purpose of conducting farming activities. The business activities didn’t yield the profits and results into increase in the debts ratio and with this effect the health of taxpayer also get deteriorate. Due to these unfavourable conditions there was no other option remain with him except selling it. With this effect taxpayer sold out the land for a considerable amount in order to meet out his debts. High court gives decision that taxpayer need to pay taxes over the earned profits as per the section 25(1) of Income Tax Assessment Act 1936. Later on federal court reverse the decision made by the high court with the reason that taxpayer didn’t make profits under any kind of profit making scheme or didn’t run any such business activities in order to sale or purchase of the land during the whole period of 20 years. When taxpayer get the land to the sale of land, it get utilised for the purpose of farming activities. The fact presented in the case clearly stated that taxpayer didn’t have any kind of intention in order to make sale of land for the purpose of running farming activities or business. The only motive behind selling land is to set-off their debts and other factors in order to carry on farming activities. The earned profit is termed as capital profit and it didn’t get assessable for the purpose of taxation (Murray, 2013).

Moana Sand Pty Ltd v FC of T 88 ATC 4897

This case make inclusion of such taxpaying company that get engaged into such business activities like selling sand over the property acquired by the company only. Once the sand get exhausted that piece of land was kept for the purpose of its subdivision. But before it they sold out the land for amounting $500,000. The court stated that they excessive amount earned by them with the sale of land need to be taxable under Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 section 25(1) and 26(a). But the land was not purchased for the purpose of making subdivision and sale purpose in order to make profits but it get sold out before business activities get completed and with this effect excessive income is considered as the assessable income for charging tax. The reason behind it was not justified by the court as why the income is considered as the assessable income for tax purpose as there was no such motive of resale of land (Evans, 2012).

VII. Crow v FC of T 88 ATC 4620

This case put emphasis over the nature of the transactions that get utilised for determining the business activity in order to make purchase and sale of the land (or properties). The court stated that systematic and repetitive transactions carried out by the business in order to make purchase or sale of pieces or subdivision of land and its stake in pieces constitute a business. Hence the income earned with the effect of these transactions results into taxable income under the section 25(1) of Income Tax Assessment Act 1936. As the earned profits with the help of the transactions get taxable so the losses arise also get deductible from their capital gains. The reason rendered by the court behind this decision was taxpayer get involved in activities such as purchase of land for the purpose of selling subdivision and the motive behind these activities to earn huge profits through it. There were lots of systematically and sequentially transactions are performed for the purpose of getting profit. The earned profits with the help of these transactions get taxable and if there will be any losses it get deducted from their earned profits (Webster & Augustinos, 2014).

VIII. McCurry & Anor v FC of T 98 ATC 4487

This case put emphasis over the scheme of profit making. As per this case two brother acquire the land and further demolish the old building that was build over their purchased piece of land and make construction of three townhouses over it in order to make sales of these to earn adequate profit by selling them individually. They put effective efforts for the purpose of selling these townhouses before the completion in order to attain early profits. But they didn’t get the favorable or profitable bid for sale and with this effect they didn’t sell them and utilize them for their personal use by using them for personal residence with their family. After the period of one and half year they make sales of their property. Over this court stated that the profits earned by them with the sale of townhouses was fall under the profit making scheme and with this effect the earned income is taxable and income become asses sable for the purpose of paying taxes. It is also identified that even utilizing the houses for the purpose of residential purpose didn’t make the earned profits non-asses sable because the activities performed by them fall under profit making scheme and the profit earned with the sale of the property results in asses sable income for both brothers (Gupta, 2013).

References

Barrett, J. 2012, “Democratic discourse, taxation and hypothetical”, Journal of Australian Taxation, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 89-117.

Evans, C. 2012, “Reviewing the reviews: A comparison of recent tax reviews in Australia, the United Kingdom and New Zealand or “a funny thing happened on the way to the forum””,Journal of Australian Taxation, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 146-182.

Gupta, R. 2013, “Inland revenue’s powers of search and seizure and taxpayers’ constitutional rights”, Journal of Australian Taxation, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 133-160.

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This is a solution of Personal Development Plan Assignment Help that describes about The employee must have the habit of waking up early in order to effectively manage their time.

Review personal development plan against original objectives

Personal objectives that are expected from an employee are as follows:

  • Time management

Time can be managed well by prioritizing the important work and attending them first. The employee must have the habit of waking up early in order to effectively manage their time.

  • Critical thinking

Critical thinking helps in solving a problem in a strategic manner. The critical thinking can be best developed by handling real life problems.

  • Better decision making ability

Employees must be made to solve a lot of case studies in order to help them take better decisions. The best decisions making ability comes with solving real work based problems and trying to take a control of them.

  • Business awareness

Business awareness comes with reading a variety of magazines and newspaper on a daily basis. Business awareness helps the employee to be aware of the recent trends in the market.

  • Leadership skills

Leadership determine the culture and structure of an organization. Leadership also determine the employee behavior at the work place.

  • Good communication skills

Good communication skills are required for the interaction with the employees. It is gained with lectures and interacting in person.

  • Teamwork

Teamwork comes with participating in various games and activities which requires working in a team. Teamwork helps in improving the quality of the work in the company.

  • Better knowledge of subject

Better knowledge of the subject and the recent information helps in increasing the self-confidence.

  • Guidance and mentoring

Proper mentoring and guidance is required at the time of training of the employees. It helps them learn the basics in a better manner.

Evaluate the effectiveness of personal development of leadership and management skills.

In order to evaluate the leadership and the management skills it must be measured and recorded. The result of the leadership and the management skills are as follows:

Personal leadership and development program helps in better management of the time and completing my task on time. The beginning of the time management program is difficult at first but it gets easy as the time passes.

Critical and strategic thinking is also required for good leadership skills. Critical thinking helps in taking the important decisions in real life problem. Critical thinking develops by case and problem solving.

There should be business awareness of the current trends of the market. A person can be aware of the recent trends by reading various magazines and reading newspapers daily. Developing good communication skills is also for interacting with the employees. Communication skills can be developed by watching different seminars and lectures. Teamwork exercise help the employees to coordinate with each other in a better way. (Charted Management Institute, 2013)

The activities which are not very efficient are given below:

  • Too much reading of books and less practical work. This reduces the exposure to the real life problems.
  • Video lectures do not make things very clear at times.
  • Guidance by a leader can be sometimes annoying for the employees.

Analyse areas for further development and update personal development plan.

Objectives Activity Time required Assessment
Time management The best way is to maintain a list of important work. 6 months The person should wake up early and work in a more organized manner (Amazonaws, 2015)
Strategic thinking Various case studies must be solved to enhance the problem solving skills. Approx. 3 months Case studies with solutions must be provided to the employees to help them learn in a better way.
Instant decision making skills Employees must be advised to study various books on decisions making. They must also be given practical knowledge in this regard. Approx. 2 months The employee must be asked to report the books completed and feedback of their decisions.

(Mike, 2014)

Business awareness It comes with reading different magazines and reading news on the internet 1 year It makes the employee more aware of the surrounding.
Good Communication skills Different lecture and seminars must be conducted in the company on improving the communication skills, 2 months It helps the employees to build friendly relation with each other
Leadership skills This requires practical training of handling the team 4 months It helps in the achievement of the goal and objectives
Teamwork It comes with participating in various games which requires working in a team 2 weeks Reading books with teach cooperation.

(Gallerily, 2015)

Guidance skills It comes by leading a team and facing real work situation. 4 months It improves the leadership skills.
Gathering knowledge and information It comes by reading books especially the autobiographies of the famous leaders all around the world.

Different documentaries on various leaders can be watched.

2 weeks It helps by learning from the example of great leaders.
CONCLUSION

This assignment helped me in learning the practical implication of the leadership skills and the management skills. In this assignment we also made a personal and professional development plan. It makes us review the self-performance and self-development. This assignment also made us aware of the various skills. In the end we had a better understanding of the personal and professional skills.

REFERENCES

ACT Mindfully, (2015), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Training, [Online], Available: http://www.actmindfully.com.au/acceptance_&_commitment_therapy [Accessed 21 November 2015]

AFS, (2012), Single-Loop and Double-Loop Learning Model, [Blog], Available: http://www.afs.org/blog/icl/?p=2653 [Accessed 22 November 2015]

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This is a solution of Leadership and Management Assignment Help that describes about  Developing business.

INTRODUCTION

Leadership can be defined as leading and guiding the people and motivating them to work towards the objective of the organization. This assignment wants us to learn personal leadership and management which will help us achieve personal goals in life. In the first task the impact of objectives of the organizations are determine with the respect to leadership and management. It also briefs us about the different leadership skills which will help us achieve goal and objective of the company. A person should also make a personal development plan in order to access himself. The second task makes us familiar with the different opportunities for the personal development at work.  Personality development plan is also made.

Analyse the impact of organizational objectives, values and culture on the leadership and management role.

The objective of an organization can be defined as the results that an organization wishes to achieve in a long period of time. It covers all the aspects of the business. Some objectives are short term while some are long term.

Some of the business objectives are mentioned below:

  • Profit

Earning high profit is the major aim of any organization. The organization must ensure that the revenue earned is always greater than the investment.

  • High production

Productivity of a company includes training of the employees and maintenance of equipment. The company must be provided with all the resources in order to remain productive.

  • Customer care

Good customer service helps to keep the employees satisfied and happy. Customers are the major asset of the company.

  • Retention of employees

Employee satisfaction is also important as it increases the productivity of the company. Experienced employees are better at problem solving.

  • Core values

It is a set of beliefs and the values of the company. The company’s core value are the objectives of the company.

  • Fast growth

The growth of the company is determined by comparing the previous data of the company and predicting its future. (Norman, 2015)

  • Reducing finances

The production cost of the company must be reduced in order to maximize the profit. Accounts of the company must be properly made.

  • Marketing

It includes promoting the products and convincing the customer into buying it. it helps in increasing the ales of the product of the company. (Hofstede, 2015)

The impact of the objective of the organization, culture and values on the leadership are as follows:

  • It separates the functions of one department of organization from the other.
  • It provides identity to the different departments
  • It enhances the social values of the company. Culture of an organization is responsible for healthy and friendly atmosphere at the workplace.
  • The managers are responsible for making the employees work by motivating them. (Vitez, 2015)

1.2 Evaluate the leadership and management skills required to support the achievement of organizational objectives.

The major objective of any organization is to achieve all its objectives. The management skills that a leader must possess are as follows:

  • Good observation

A good leader must have a good observation skill. They should have the ability to judge things by just looking at them. The leader must observe employees, their habits, action and behavior. The behavior of the employees with the customer is observed very keenly. With the good observation skills a leader can remain up to date with all the proceedings of a workplace.

  • Performance monitoring

The performance of the employees is checked on a regular basis. The employees are given appraisals and rewards on the basis of their performance in the company. There is the assessment of their paperwork and evaluation of their personal and professional progress. (Tracy, 2011)

  • Professional development plan

It is the duty of the leader to identify the weakness of the employees. They also provides training and guidance to the employees in their weaker areas.

  • Knowledge and experience

A leader can instruct its employees only when he has a good knowledge of the subject and is well informed. Leader is the one whom employees seek in case of expert consultation. He should be precise and expert in his area. (Zenger and Folkman, 2014)

  • Decision making

Good leadership comes with the ability of taking good decisions. A leader must be clear with his decision and flexible in his approach. A good leader involves the employees in the process of decision making. He takes consent of all the employee before coming to the final decision.

  • Review and research

A good employee must review all the projects and processes going on in a company. A good leader must conduct the research of the market environment before starting a new project. The company must be ready for all the future challenges. (Geisler, 2012)

1.3 Assess personal leadership and management skills and identify personal development required to support achievement of organizational objectives.

An audit must be performed to access the leadership and the management skills. All the skills are given the rating on a scale of 5.

1= Excellent

2= Good

3= Average

4= Satisfactory

5= Not good

SKILLS 1 2 3 4 5
1) Critical thinking
2) good communication
3) Influence on others
4) Ability to solve problem
5) Teamwork
6) Analytical thinking
7) Technical skills
8) Professional ability
9) Strategic formation
10) Ability to take decisions
11) target setting
12) goal setting
13) personal development
14) professional development
15) emotional attachment
16) guidance
17) organizing ability
18) motivational skills
19) leadership skills
20) delegation skills

For the personal and professional development of the employees certain skills are mandatory for the employees to learn over a period of time. For the success of a company it is very important that an employee has good technical skills as the technology is the major driving factor these days. Strategic and critical thinking is also required as it enhances the decision making ability of the employees. Setting of the goals and objectives beforehand is also essential for its completion on time. It is the duty of the leader to mentor and guide the employees in completing their targets.

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Measuring Impacts of The Tourism Assignment

IMPORTANCE OF MEASURING IMPACTS OF THE TOURISM

Tourism is one of the growing industries in world it has positive outcome on the country economy. Along with this it provides employment and various economic outcomes (Smith, 2014). Tourism is industry is complex in nature and it involves various stakeholders. So if the activities are managed well it can devastate effects. If tourism is managed and measured well it can have positive impact on the economy, environmental and also on the cultural of the local communities. (LEMOINE, 2008)

METHOD FOR MEASURING ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE TOURISM

Most used approach to measure the economic impact of the tourism is to estimate or calculate the spending of the tourists. This spending can result in the creation of the new jobs and increase in the income of local area. For example, to measure the impact of new museum on the no. of visitors(MSU, 2014).

Equation to measure the economic impact due to no of visitors is:

  • Spending of the tourist= No. of Tourists* Avg spending/tourist
  • Economic Impact=No. of Tourists* Avg spending/tourist*Regional Multiplier
  • Problem is that tourism involves the type of customer not the industry or the commodity

METHOD FOR MEASURING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ON THE TOURISM

We can measure the environmental impact of tourism through the suggested indicators which are

  • Through the no of visitors to the particular locations.
  • The transport they use
  • The tourism strategy

The difficulty in measuring the environmental impacts is too vague to measure.

IMPACT OF SOCIO-CULTURAL IMPACT OF TOURISM ON DEVELOPING COUNTRY AND EMERGING DESTINATION

As tourism involves movement of large no of people to different countries it causes cultural clashes due to the difference of the culture of the locals and the tourists in the developing countries. Due to this attitude of the local communities is not welcoming for the visitors (Dixon et al., 2013).

But the impact of socio cultural tourism on the emerging destination is different because the destination is becoming popular and it is not known to a large no of visitor which can affect the culture aspect of the local communities.

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF TOURISM ON DEVELOPING COUNTRY AND EMERGING DESTINATION

In developing countries one of the biggest problems is the leakage effect which causes the local communities not gain profit or retains them in their vicinities. Goods and services are imported from outside the country which causes the local residents to lose profits. Most of the expenditures go to the airline and multinational hotel. It is said from $100 only $5 remains in the developing country (Dehoorne et al., 2014).

But in the emerging destination it is opposite to the developing country. The place is new the most of the profits are retained with the country local residents are benefited from it.  Most of the multinational have not been into the region that causes the leakage effect.

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF TOURISM ON DEVELOPING COUNTRY AND EMERGING DESTINATION

Environmental impacts of tourism in developing countries damaging effect to the environment because these places are well known and they attract lot of visitor. Wild life are affected due to the hunting, rise building effecting the rain forest etc.

In contrast emerging destination helps in the preservation people view the natural habitats and they don’t the natural environments.

RECOMMENDATIONS

The tourism has a great potential to benefit the environment by backing to the environmental protections and the conservation of the natural habitat. It can increase the awareness by the promoting the environmental values that if this is done it help financially will contribute to the economic development.

Along with this tourism helps to promote the culture of the tourist location it can be done to preserve various cultures which are mostly affected by the tourism. It can also help to create harmony among the resident and the people visiting from various geographical locations.

Most important is economic benefits received from the tourism. Tourism benefits both the host and tourist countries economically. It is important the countries to promote the tourism which can help in the economic improvement of the country.

SUMMARY

In task 1 it was the introduction of the sustainable tourism development and how it is different from other type of tourisms. Its importance and why the tourism should be developed in a sustainable manner so that it can provide benefits and how it is different from applying in practical from the theory. In last what were the negative aspect of the enclave tourism.

In task 2 importance of measuring the impacts of the tourism were discussed and along with this methods of measuring were also discussed. In the end the difference between the impacts of socio-cultural, economic and ecological on the developing countries and emerging destinations were discussed.

EVALUATION

It is learnt from the proposed research study that it is absolutely vital for economies globally to invest in the tourism sector in general and specifically in sustainable tourism because of its perks and benefits for any country. Different countries like Switzerland and Thailand are solely dependent on the tourism sector. As discussed the impact of sustainable tourism on different countries and especially on different economies is huge, it is however suggested to adapt different ways to develop sustainable tourism to strengthen economy on a macro level as well as to make difference in the lives of people on a micro level.

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This is a solution of Quality of Writing Process Assignment Help that describes basic components of use cases and how they should be organized and tend to offer criteria for measuring quality of writing process.

The pattern catalogue consists of a total of 31 patterns, which are organized into two broad categories, which are either process, or structural patterns. The process patterns describe characteristics of proven and tested use case writing practices. They offer a criteria for measuring quality of the entire writing process. On the other hand, the structural patterns describe basic components of use cases and how they should be organized and tend to offer criteria for measuring quality of writing process. These two categories are then further broken down into different subcategories of various related patterns. These includes : a) Team organization patterns for judging as well as improving quality of how use case team should be organized. The second is the methodology patterns used in judging as well as improving the quality of methodology which team follows in order to create use cases and the third one is the editing patterns used for judging and improving quality of individual uses cases because underlying requirements tend to change and correspondingly writer’s knowledge grows.

In my opinion the usage of patterns and principles would have improved the design. There are various instances through which  this would have happened. To begin with, User Valued Transactions tells us that it is important to capture smallest set of goals, which deliver all the necessary services to actors. A well made use case provides a compelling and rich story describing in detail as to how the system would help the main actor in reaching a particular goal i.e., a Complete Single Goal. An important factor to be considered in this case is the granularity. The use case which would go on to address multiple goals on the other hand rather than the specific ones would ultimately become awkward, hard to develop and confusing to read simultaneously. Again a use case which only addresses a partial goal of the system would end up forcing the reader to wade through a multitude of use cases to follow one thread of thought causing them to miss critical actions.

In order to have the use case created well, it should contain the main success scenario and a well structured and ordered collection of fragments. This is called as the Scenario Plus Fragments. Using this in the use case will help describe the scenarios both singular as well as complete sequence of events which an actor would follow as an attempt to achieve their goals resulting in either success or a failure. These fragments are nothing but a list of the Exhaustive Alternatives, which describe any plausible alternative situations, which the system could reasonably expect to face while attempting to meet the goal. This list is critical as it helps to enumerate the different situations that developers would need to handle. It also helps them to effectively quantify the effort involved.

Using of patterns and principles is also important in keeping the design simple as well as free of any clutter. if one feels that the information does not really belong into the use case but somehow could still be relevant then it could be appended into the use cases as Adornments. Use case also needs to be given a meaningful name as each use cases should have the IntentionRevealingName which gives reader a hint of use case’s contents and tends to provide word association which is similar to the pattern name that an audience could use to describe use case’s actual purpose in course of subsequent communications. This name is strongly likned to the CompleteSignalGoal and if the goal changes one should also consider changing name as well. Another thing is that if somebody is unable to come up with a name then he or she should consider whether the use case actually represents the CompleteSignalGoal.

Lastly, the use should also be Precise And Readable in a way that it is properly tailored to the audience. Each and every use case should describe completely and accurate some sort of behavior and at the same time it should also not contain high amount of details or be verbose that the intended audience cannot read it. As such estimating a correct level of readability and precisions present a moving target so that it is important one knows about audience when writing.

These guidelines are critical because they would describe the structure in order to organize the details which are associated with the multiplee complex scenarios. Again, use cases without a structure could be very cumbersome, hard to digest and would cause users to switch frequently between the seemingly unrelated sections of the text. It would also cause them to read many tedious and repetitive sections that do not differ much from each other. Complete Single Goal and ScenarioPlusFragments are two important factors which assist in the quality writing of use cases.

LCD principles can be applied to sequence diagrams. Applying a particular particular pattern is quite a popular way ofreusing the previous work and thereby reducing the overall workload. Patterns help in reducing cognitive complexity of SD building process for analyst who has mastered the SD system and also the schematics by providing a particular starting point of a well-known design. For instance the workflow required for processing the paychecks or a user authentication process and so on. A pattern would not necessarily apply to the complete scenario however it could still provide modifiable starting point to analyst which would otherwise have needed a significant contemplation and effort to produce right from the scratch.

Learner centered design theory mentions several design principles which are aimed at reducing cognitive complexity of learning in order to perform a task via redesigning of task itself. Once the root causes of complexity are determined, one can apply relevant LCD principles in order to ensure learner experiences the least amount of confusion. The main question however arises in terms of the LCD as task of building SD’s is this : How can one help a beginner analyst to build a strong knowledge base. To filter out the low quality information and to build a particular mental model of al the tasks with quality relationships among different information elements. Once this is done, the usage of design becomes much more effective.

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This is a solution of Toxic Material and Hazardous Chemical in which we discuss Developing business.

Descriptions of best practice models that were reviewed and how they informed the sustainability policy

The best practice model that has reviewed while undergoing the practice of Tiny Opera Company was concerning their work practice. In this regard it has been identified that there were many defaults that business has been undertaking with respect to their work practice defaulting various sustainability practice. With respect to work practice it has been identified that business has been carrying out various activities that were not seen to be sustainable and were against the environment (Barr, 2012). The various aspects that have been reviewed with respect to work practice of Tiny Opera Company are as follows;

Use of harmful effect of toxic material and hazardous chemical

Within Tiny Opera Company it has been observed that there were high uses of toxic material and hazardous chemicals in their functioning. The use of such toxic substances was harming the health of the employees who are undergoing such sort of practice. These toxic materials were highly seen to be present within the paint that was used for painting the sets for performance (Loorbach and Wijsman, 2013). This has lead to the formation of sustainability policy in this regard of using volatile organic compound to be used within the paints for carrying out the paintings sets for performance. Undertaking such an aspect is going to protect the health and safety of workers within the organization.

Misuse of resources

Within the enterprise it has been observed that there is high number of wastage of paper within Tiny Opera Company. This wastage carried out within the business is enhancing their overall cost and in turn has been laying down affect over the profits of the business. The wastage of paper has also laying down affect over the sustainability practice being followed within the business (Barr, 2012). This has been the reason of framing sustainability policy against the protection of resources within the organization. It will be done through better sorting of recyclable paper from the general rubbish produced by various departments of the business.

Ineffective use of electricity

Within the work practice of the business it has been found that air-conditioners were manually switched off within the practice of Tiny Opera Company. In this regard it was the responsibility of the last member to switch off all the air conditioners, but it was rarely done.  Hence, most commonly the air conditioners are left running for the entire day. This has lead to increase the electricity cost of the business (Cox and Béland, 2013). Further, the ineffective use of air conditioner within the business has been the major reason for forming sustainability policy in this regard. In this respect a programming has been done in order to reverse all air conditioners to switch off automatically by the time of 4.45 p. every day.

Strategies for promoting awareness of the sustainability policy

Engagement of employee is considered to be essential for enhancing the corporate sustainability. For an organization without the support of their employees it will be difficult for achieving the goals concerning sustainability (Newman.et.al., 2012). Hence, the strategies that have been adopted for the promotion of awareness concerning sustainability are as follows:

  • Tiny Opera Company needs to undergo the print out of posters that will be summarizing the sustainable priorities and goals initiated by the enterprise in their operations.
  • The CEO of the business must carry out the discussion of sustainability progress within the annual employee meeting.
  • There is also a need for setting up a “Sustainability Corner” that will be present at the intranet of the enterprise.
  • Tiny Opera Company must send out regular emails to the employees in relation to organizations latest sustainability report.
  • Building a bulletin board within cafeteria that is going to rotate sustainability information on a monthly basis.
  • Indicate about the harmful effect of toxic material and hazardous chemical use to employees
  • Share information concerning the misuse of extra resources within the business
  • Share electric bills with the employees (et.al., 2014)
  • Develop challenges concerning sustainability among different departments of Tiny Opera Company
  • There is a need for employing quarterly recognition program for staff that champion sustainability
Strategies for maximizing the impact of the policy

The various strategies that will be adopted for appropriate adoption of sustainability practice within the Tiny Opera Company could be achieved through:

Appropriate training practice: Within the enterprise there is a need for carrying out appropriate training concerning the adaptability of the various sustainable policies that has been framed by Tiny Opera Company. In this respect it is essential for the enterprise to make their employee informing regarding the sustainable policies. This could be made possible only in a situation when appropriate training is provided with respect the ways that employee must adopt in order to undergo these policies in an appropriate manner (Frantzeskaki.et.al., 2016). Hence, management of the organization must carry out training process from time to time in order to identify the extent to which sustainability policy has been adopted by their staff in the regular functioning within the enterprise.

Stakeholder engagement

The engagement of stakeholders within the sustainability policy is going to enhance the overall impact of these policies over the functioning of the enterprise. With respect to shareholders perspective there would be greater amount of investment being carried out by them as business has been practicing sustainable activities in their operations. There would be larger number of individuals attending the shows being performed as they will be informed concerning the sustainable practice being carried out by the enterprise. It can be done through appropriate marketing activities being initiated by organization through various channels (Liu.et.al., 2013). In this regard the most influential channel that can be adopted by the enterprise are social media marketing and TV commercials.

FINAL VERSION OF THE SUSTAINABILITY POLICY

Work practice

Tiny Opera Company is going to lay down appropriate monitoring of resources being allocated for each show. Business is going to make use of highly sustainable resources that are environmental friendly. There would be appropriate use of costume, props, lighting and facilities during the show and enterprise must reduce the presence of hazardous and toxic materials from the prop being used in the shows. Organization is going to drive paper efficient work practices for leveraging corporate system upgrades and better sorting of recyclable paper from general rubbish. In this regard there is a appropriate monitoring and reviewing of office paper. While carrying out the painting of sets there would be use of Low Volatile organic compound in order to protect the performance of health and safety of employees. Then programming all reverse cycle air conditioners in the office for getting them switches off automatically at 4.45 pm every day.

Communication

Business is going to encourage their visitors to adopt sustainability practice in their daily routine. In this respect business is going to present the aspects that how sustainable practice has been undertaken within the activities of enterprise. For encouraging this aspect business is going to lay down external publicity materials Tiny Opera Company is going to build LAN and other communication aspects, so that within the enterprise employees are able to undergo appropriate communication process. This is going to build appropriate sustainable communication within the work environment. Business is also going to build appropriate sustainable communications among higher and lower level officials. In order to enhance this aspect there would be development of internal memos.

Equal employment opportunity practices

For initiating this aspect company is going to comply with state, federal and legislation practice in order to provide equal opportunity to their employees. Tiny Opera Company is also going to bind their operations with international human rights agreements.

REFERENCE

Barr, S., 2012. Environment and society: Sustainability, policy and the citizen. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd..

Beare, D., Buslovich, R. and Searcy, C., 2014. Linkages between corporate sustainability reporting and public policy. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management21(6), pp.336-350.

Cox, R.H. and Béland, D., 2013. Valence, policy ideas, and the rise of sustainability. Governance26(2), pp.307-328.

Dovers, S., 2005. Environment and sustainability policy: creation, implementation, evaluation. Sydney: Federation Press.

Frantzeskaki, N., Jhagroe, S. and Howlett, M., 2016. Greening the state? The framing of sustainability in Dutch infrastructure governance.Environmental Science & Policy58, pp.123-130.

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This is a solution of your Business Promoting Awareness Assignment that describes about Developing business practice model.

Descriptions of best practice models that were reviewed and how they informed the sustainability policy

The best practice model that has reviewed while undergoing the practice of Tiny Opera Company was concerning their work practice. In this regard it has been identified that there were many defaults that business has been undertaking with respect to their work practice defaulting various sustainability practice. With respect to work practice it has been identified that business has been carrying out various activities that were not seen to be sustainable and were against the environment (Barr, 2012). The various aspects that have been reviewed with respect to work practice of Tiny Opera Company are as follows;

Business Promoting Awareness AssignmentUse of harmful effect of toxic material and hazardous chemical

Within Tiny Opera Company it has been observed that there were high uses of toxic material and hazardous chemicals in their functioning. The use of such toxic substances was harming the health of the employees who are undergoing such sort of practice. These toxic materials were highly seen to be present within the paint that was used for painting the sets for performance (Loorbach and Wijsman, 2013). This has lead to the formation of sustainability policy in this regard of using volatile organic compound to be used within the paints for carrying out the paintings sets for performance. Undertaking such an aspect is going to protect the health and safety of workers within the organization.

Misuse of resources

Within the enterprise it has been observed that there is high number of wastage of paper within Tiny Opera Company. This wastage carried out within the business is enhancing their overall cost and in turn has been laying down affect over the profits of the business. The wastage of paper has also laying down affect over the sustainability practice being followed within the business (Barr, 2012). This has been the reason of framing sustainability policy against the protection of resources within the organization. It will be done through better sorting of recyclable paper from the general rubbish produced by various departments of the business.

Ineffective use of electricity

Within the work practice of the business it has been found that air-conditioners were manually switched off within the practice of Tiny Opera Company. In this regard it was the responsibility of the last member to switch off all the air conditioners, but it was rarely done.  Hence, most commonly the air conditioners are left running for the entire day. This has lead to increase the electricity cost of the business (Cox and Béland, 2013). Further, the ineffective use of air conditioner within the business has been the major reason for forming sustainability policy in this regard. In this respect a programming has been done in order to reverse all air conditioners to switch off automatically by the time of 4.45 p. every day.

Strategies for promoting awareness of the sustainability policy

Engagement of employee is considered to be essential for enhancing the corporate sustainability. For an organization without the support of their employees it will be difficult for achieving the goals concerning sustainability (Newman.et.al., 2012). Hence, the strategies that have been adopted for the promotion of awareness concerning sustainability are as follows:

  • Tiny Opera Company needs to undergo the print out of posters that will be summarizing the sustainable priorities and goals initiated by the enterprise in their operations.
  • The CEO of the business must carry out the discussion of sustainability progress within the annual employee meeting.
  • There is also a need for setting up a “Sustainability Corner” that will be present at the intranet of the enterprise.
  • Tiny Opera Company must send out regular emails to the employees in relation to organizations latest sustainability report.
  • Building a bulletin board within cafeteria that is going to rotate sustainability information on a monthly basis.
  • Indicate about the harmful effect of toxic material and hazardous chemical use to employees
  • Share information concerning the misuse of extra resources within the business
  • Share electric bills with the employees (et.al., 2014)
  • Develop challenges concerning sustainability among different departments of Tiny Opera Company
  • There is a need for employing quarterly recognition program for staff that champion sustainability

Strategies for maximizing the impact of the policy

The various strategies that will be adopted for appropriate adoption of sustainability practice within the Tiny Opera Company could be achieved through:

Business Promoting Awareness AssignmentAppropriate training practice: Within the enterprise there is a need for carrying out appropriate training concerning the adaptability of the various sustainable policies that has been framed by Tiny Opera Company. In this respect it is essential for the enterprise to make their employee informing regarding the sustainable policies. This could be made possible only in a situation when appropriate training is provided with respect the ways that employee must adopt in order to undergo these policies in an appropriate manner (Frantzeskaki.et.al., 2016). Hence, management of the organization must carry out training process from time to time in order to identify the extent to which sustainability policy has been adopted by their staff in the regular functioning within the enterprise.

Stakeholder engagement

The engagement of stakeholders within the sustainability policy is going to enhance the overall impact of these policies over the functioning of the enterprise. With respect to shareholders perspective there would be greater amount of investment being carried out by them as business has been practicing sustainable activities in their operations. There would be larger number of individuals attending the shows being performed as they will be informed concerning the sustainable practice being carried out by the enterprise. It can be done through appropriate marketing activities being initiated by organization through various channels (Liu.et.al., 2013). In this regard the most influential channel that can be adopted by the enterprise are social media marketing and TV commercials.

FINAL VERSION OF THE SUSTAINABILITY POLICY

Work practice

Tiny Opera Company is going to lay down appropriate monitoring of resources being allocated for each show. Business is going to make use of highly sustainable resources that are environmental friendly. There would be appropriate use of costume, props, lighting and facilities during the show and enterprise must reduce the presence of hazardous and toxic materials from the prop being used in the shows. Organization is going to drive paper efficient work practices for leveraging corporate system upgrades and better sorting of recyclable paper from general rubbish. In this regard there is a appropriate monitoring and reviewing of office paper. While carrying out the painting of sets there would be use of Low Volatile organic compound in order to protect the performance of health and safety of employees. Then programming all reverse cycle air conditioners in the office for getting them switches off automatically at 4.45 pm every day.

Communication

Business is going to encourage their visitors to adopt sustainability practice in their daily routine. In this respect business is going to present the aspects that how sustainable practice has been undertaken within the activities of enterprise. For encouraging this aspect business is going to lay down external publicity materials Tiny Opera Company is going to build LAN and other communication aspects, so that within the enterprise employees are able to undergo appropriate communication process. This is going to build appropriate sustainable communication within the work environment. Business is also going to build appropriate sustainable communications among higher and lower level officials. In order to enhance this aspect there would be development of internal memos.

Equal employment opportunity practices

For initiating this aspect company is going to comply with state, federal and legislation practice in order to provide equal opportunity to their employees. Tiny Opera Company is also going to bind their operations with international human rights agreements.

REFERENCE

Barr, S., 2012. Environment and society: Sustainability, policy and the citizen. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd..

Beare, D., Buslovich, R. and Searcy, C., 2014. Linkages between corporate sustainability reporting and public policy. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management21(6), pp.336-350.

Cox, R.H. and Béland, D., 2013. Valence, policy ideas, and the rise of sustainability. Governance26(2), pp.307-328.

Dovers, S., 2005. Environment and sustainability policy: creation, implementation, evaluation. Sydney: Federation Press.

Frantzeskaki, N., Jhagroe, S. and Howlett, M., 2016. Greening the state? The framing of sustainability in Dutch infrastructure governance.Environmental Science & Policy58, pp.123-130.

Liu, J., Hull, V., Batistella, M., DeFries, R., Dietz, T., Fu, F., Hertel, T.W., Izaurralde, R.C., Lambin, E.F., Li, S. and Martinelli, L.A., 2013. Framing sustainability in a telecoupled world. Ecology and Society18(2).

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This is a solution of Improving of Sales in Online Marketing Assignment that describes about  Developing sales in online marketing.

Improving of Sales in Online Marketing AssignmentHow far online marketing has improved P&G sales?

Most of the managers do agree that the online marketing not only gives advertising but also promotes the products by increasing public relation which has improved P&G sales. Manager 1 states that the strong strategy of online marketing assures the customers by influencing their purchase intention.

Manager 2 argues that the online marketing does not work for them efficiently as because they sell only household products on some daily necessary items. Henceforth, for P&G people prefer buying products from their nearby stores or supermarket.

Manager 3  has discussed that online marketing has created brand awareness which has improved their sales and goodwill in market.

Q What are the strategies adopted by P&G to satisfy the consumers in online sales?

The strategies adopted by the managers of P&G for satisfying the customers with online sale are different among one another. Manager 1 stated that their main strategies to attract customers is by giving offers and discounts over the products. In return, he stated that this has increased their sales in online rather than any retail stores. The customers are much attracted when they see any offered over the purchase of product.

Moreover, Manager 2 says that by giving proper customer services is a strategy adopted by them. He stated that this has increased their brand loyalty by giving feedbacks on their problems and working over the area that are recommended by online customers.

On the other hand, Manager 3 commented that loyalty card is the strategy which satisfies consumers in online sales.

Q 3. What are the challenges faced during marketing of online products?

Manager 1 stated that they faced problems in  measuring return on investment during marketing online. According to him when it comes to ROI the company needs to use CRM solution and marketing solution. Manager 2  reviews that they have faced challenges in managing website. They faced several issues like making content design beautiful and attractive and in posting suitable blog for their brand. Manager 3  argues that they faced major challenge in training their employees to make online marketing attractive. This took huge budget to train their employees.

Improving of Sales in Online Marketing AssignmentSummary

The researcher realized that the customers are not satisfied with the online sale of P&G which was found from quantitative data. Even the managers agrees that they need to work with the issues and adopt more relevant strategies to increase their online sales. This was found from qualitative data. Moreover, the researcher demonstrates each of the research findings with tables and graphs.

Conclusion:

From the above research work, it can be concluded that satisfying the customers by attracting their purchase intention through online marketing plays a vital role for an organisation and P&G is an example in this case. Based on the findings and analyses it can be concluded that the customers of P&G are not satisfied with online marketing sale. It is some extent positively affect their market condition when online promotion is done. Henceforth, the researcher attempts to the linking objectives with the literature review and data finding. This helps them in concluding the final outcome of study.

Linking Objectives:

Objective 1: To analyse the activities related to online marketing for Procter and Gamble

According to the literature review, it is quite easy to analyse the activities that are carried out with online marketing. Online marketing not only view their advertisement but also promotes their products globally. Moreover, they are also successful in making positive public relation. However, it increases their brand loyalty where huge number of customers trust their products and increases sale. On the other hand, the activity is also related with personal selling where the customers can come across variety of products at a time. There are some other activities that are related with online marketing activities. P&G works very hard by working over the comments that are posted by the customers in their blog page. The operates who operates the online sites and blog page gives feedback to the customer by working over their need. Hence, they achieve brand loyalty by satisfying the needs and preference of every potential customers.

Objective 2: To critically assess the sales growth being improved by online marketing for Procter and Gamble

The analytical research findings states that, P&G adopts huge number of effective strategies to increase their sales online. For instance, they offer attractive discounts to their customers and sells variety of P&G products online. This in turn can assess their sales by increasing productivity and organisational performance. Moreover, improving their customer services is found to be one of the appropriate strategies for improving their online marketing and the responses of Q 5, 6 from qualitative data and Q 1, 2 from qualitative data reveal so.

Objective 3: To identify the challenges faced by P&G in incorporating online marketing to promote its business

The quantitative question 8 and 9 and qualitative question number 3 has explained about the challenges that are faced by P&G in implementing their online marketing to upgrade their business promotion. The analytical study has highlighted that due to the challenges they are unable to make improvement in their quality. Moreover, the qualitative and quantitative data that are collected from customers and managers identifies the challenges. Hence, it can be concluded that improving web page and transaction P&G can overcome challenges.

Objective 4: To provide some recommendations for Procter and Gamble to avoid the challenges and difficulties it faces

Based on the challenges recommendations are made to overcome difficulties and challenges in future. The recommendations are given below:

Recommendations:

Improvements in delivery of products

 

Smart Justification
S- Specific The P&G might adopt strategies on the sale to deliver their products safely and securely. Moreover, the recommendation is specific as because the delivery of P&G products through online is quite slower. Hence, the management who are looking after this section must make the delivery of goods faster to the potential customers.
M-Measurable This can be measured when there will be huge number of employees buying their products by getting influenced with online advertising.
A-Achievable However, this can be achieved by implementing online marketing strategies and recruiting more staffs into their organisation business.
R-Relevant This recommendation is quite relevant as because P&G sells household and daily necessary items. Hence, customers wants that this products must have faster delivery dates or else they can buy products from their nearby stores and supermarkets. Therefore, it is quite necessary to deliver online products faster.
T-Time factor The proper implementation of plan may take 4 months

 

Action plan

Activity 1st month 2nd month 3rd month 4th month
Market research        
Identifying possible intermediaries        
Selection of fast and secure intermediaries        
Immediate delivery of products        

 

 

Improving web content

 

Smart Justification
S- Specific It is quite obvious that the customers get attracted in viewing the web page of products or the advertisement when they find web page to be attractive. Therefore, P&G need to improve their web content by giving attractive design and blog while will influence customers in buying their products.
M-Measurable It can be measured when the viewers will be more in number by liking their advertisement and web page.
A-Achievable There is a requirement of skilled and able web content writer and designer who can create an attractive web strategy to upgrade P&D’s online marketing.
R-Relevant There is a huge competition of online marketing. Customers likes to review those products which seems attractive to them. Therefore, this is a relevant recommendation to P&G to make attractive and attention gainer web page by reviewing every products and details.
T-Time factor The expected time for improving web content can take 3 months.

 

Action plan

Activity 1st month 2nd month 3rd month 4th month
Generating idea for content strategy        
Developing content strategy        
Assigning skilled content writer        
Development of content        

 

Limitation of the study

While conducting the research the researcher has come across many limitations and restrictions. The limitations are financial problem as well as shortage of time. Due to time shortage the restriction faced by the researcher was on collecting more relevant data. Moreover, the sample size was small and the researcher had to undergo the cross section studies. Moreover, due to financial restriction the researcher was not able to use more equipped technology to do scientific testing.

Improving of Sales in Online Marketing AssignmentFuture Scope of study

The present research study has highlighted over the concept  that are related with online marketing that has put an impact over P&G. The present study describes recent market condition of P&G that has faced various issues and challenges that affect their online marketing sale. The research study contains data analysis and findings that underpin the research study and stands as a secondary source of information for the future researcher who will use this particular topic for their research work. Moreover, the researcher has got scope to extend their research by comparing with online marketing impact and tradition marketing over the sale of P&G products. This will be quite effective for the researcher to make their future study. However, the secondary data collection can also influence the researcher to extent the topic about online marketing and their strategies to make more production and earn success in future.

Reference Lists:

Books:

Bernard, H. R. (2011) Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. 5th ed. Plymouth: Alta Mira Press.

Bitner, M.J. and Gremler, D.D., (2011). Online marketing strategy. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Blakeman, R. (2012). The bare bones introduction to integrated marketing communication. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Bryman, A. and Bell, E. (2011) Business Research Methodology. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Cooper, D. and Schindler, P. S. (2010) Business Research Methods, 11th ed. London: McGra-Hill.

Cheap Assignment Help provide best quality assignment writing service in affordable prices and we are providing most flexible assignment writing according to Students need, so book your Assignment with us, Order Now.

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This is a solution of Business Organization Assignment Help that describes about The section introduces the facts what have already been researched in order to well support the proposed topic of the present study.

Business Organization Assignment HelpIntroduction:

The scholarly papers introduce literature review in their study to discuss the relevant issues by pursuing secondary research. The section introduces the facts what have already been researched in order to well support the proposed topic of the present study. The present study is going to analyse the importance of online marketing and its impact on the improvements of sales. However, the research attempts to identify the need to introduce online marketing and its respective activities. It is also going to discuss how marketing has a huge impact in attracting customers and thereby developing the context of any business organization.

Previous research works:

Various researches have been pursued on the relevance of online marketing and its impact on sales. Hu, Du and Damangir (2014) analysed in their works regarding the importance of advertising. They worked on the topic of how the fruits of advertising can generate the interest of customers and how subsequently it can be converted into sales. The work has been pursued to highlight the importance of advertisement on various components.

Zhang, Ma and Cartwright (2013) attempted their discussion regarding the investigation of online user reviews on sales search goods. It has issued discussion on the development of business context depending on the online user remarks and feedbacks. Their work has been an attempt to highlight the the understanding of impact.

Business Organization Assignment HelpOn another note, Dale Wilson (2013) gave statement regarding the availability of online direct marketing databases. His work discussed about the fact that the marketing professionals get abundance of opportunities in the implementation of improved marketing strategies and tactics. The work has illustrated the importance of online databases that consequently guides the sales authorities through numerous ways to seek different customers and develop substantial sales leads. Overall the study discussed about the use of online marketing databases impacts over generating sales improvements.

2.3 Conceptual framework:

The conceptual framework is developed to outline the key points attached to the present topic of the study related to the evaluation of the impact of online marketing on sales. The framework is developed in order to have the crucial points based on which the discussion is directed. The conceptual frame is considered to be providing transparent ideas and thoughts regarding the ongoing research.

Analyzing the concept of online marketing:

Business organizations cannot be satisfied with only increasing the quality of their products and services. They essentially need marketing strategies to make introduction and recognition in the market. A business is developed from its acquaintance in the market and how the customers engage their attitude towards it. Marketing is an important tool in business that addresses a company’s existence and activities. As defined by Zhu and Zhang (2010, p.138), online marketing is a strategy where the companies or brands digitally communicate with the customers. The customers need to get thorough information regarding products of their choice. Through advertisements the business organizations put the details of the products including their services, discounts, price and features.

In the contemporary time, people are engrossed in internet activities in any purpose. People as well as customers can well be reached out from the digital communication and online public relation strategy. The organizations implemented the idea of ebusiness, ecommerce, internet marketing that can benefit the overall business. Internet marketing always has the benefit of detailing information of products and services that the customers wish to buy. They check over internet to view the products and services. During the time purchase where the high involvement of the customers is attached they always want hands on experience to make decisions on their purchase. In that case, the online marketing has hardly any effectiveness.

Stegemann and Sutton-Brady (2012, p.3) analysed that online marketing issues digital advertising, campaigning, public relations that have a sophisticated psychological impression in the minds of the customers. Various organizational authorities find it fruitful to take hold of online activities related to marketing to reach maximum number of potential customers. People nowadays extensively use social media, email and they come across a number of websites everyday for their personal purpose. Online marketing is strategized to be focused on various websites, social networking sites, emails where people can get close to the informational demonstrations issued by various companies and organizations (Tankosić, A. and Trnavčevič, A, 2011, p.150). They can get access to their desired material anytime they wish. In order to execute sales promotion and expect customer attraction, the companies need to arrange attractive prizes and convenient discounts. The organizations plan sales promotion in the objective of expanding the product and service acquaintance to the customers. E-Commerce has facilitated the business contexts to make faster and hassle free transactions. The organizations implemented the idea of ebusiness, ecommerce, internet marketing that can benefit the overall business. Numerous factors are there why the activities related to web have been accelerated and the overall interest and awareness amongst the customers have risen.

The organizations here afford to personally communicate and persuade the potential buyers to purchase their products. Once the business authorities have constant contact with the potential customers, they can easily persuade them to choose product from their productions and services. It has become easy for the advertisers to reach out to the maximum number of customers from various regions to let them know the detailed information regarding any brand or company. Online marketing has the first and foremost aspect of issuing advertisements of various products and services. The customers need to get thorough information regarding products of their choice.

Cheap Assignment Help  provide best quality assignment writing service in affordable prices and we are providing most flexible assignment writing according to Students need, so book your Assignment with us,Order Now.

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WEB DESIGN AND PROGRAMMING

WEB DESIGN AND PROGRAMMING

Task 1

Information

The Belvedere British School offers a broad, distinctive and predominantly academic education for pupils from 3 to 16 years of age. It will build on its long standing reputation for excellent results and high quality pastoral care for all students. The innovative and enriched curriculum will reflect our vision and ethos and meet the needs and aspirations of students. These, together with its specialisms in modern foreign languages and science, offer a unique education experience at the Belvedere Preparatory School for young people from Abu Dhabi and beyond.

The Belvedere British School recognises the need for a broad and balanced curriculum and is aware of the vital contribution made by pastoral and extra curricular activities to the development of the whole person.  It is important that students are given every opportunity to be part of a team, to take responsibility, to develop a wide range of interests and to be of service to others.  All students are expected to participate in extra-curricular activities to develop educational interests and to promote independence and inter-personal links with students in other Year groups.

BELVEDERE BRITISH SCHOOL TRAINING DEPARTMENTS& AIMS

The Belvedere British School recognises the need for a broad and balanced curriculum and is aware of the vital contribution made by pastoral and extra curricular activities to the development of the whole person.  It is important that students are given every opportunity to be part of a team, to take responsibility, to develop a wide range of interests and to be of service to others.  All students are expected to participate in extra-curricular activities to develop educational interests and to promote independence and inter-personal links with students in other Year groups.

History

The Belvedere Preparatory School in UK provides primary education to children aged 3 – 11, from Nursery to Year 6. It was originally founded in 1880 as the Junior Department of The Belvedere School, Liverpool. It is widely recognised as one of the best independent schools in Liverpool. Originally housed at 17 Belvidere Road, it moved to its current premises at 23 Belvidere Road in 1939. From September 2010 Belvedere Preparatory School in the UK began accepting both boys and girls.

Management

The Management of Belvedere Preparatory School is very highly educated and talented. It is widely recognised as one of the best managed schools in the UK.

“In September 2012, we brought this proud tradition to the UAE and opened a new branch of The Belvedere Preparatory School in Abu Dhabi.”

Industries

  • Our partners in the UK
  • The UK Times Educational Supplement
  • Recruitment Fairs
  • Through UK or International Universities
  • Staff already in the UAE applying through the vacancies on our site or advertisements.

Contact

Phone: 00971 (0) 25090000

Email: enquiries@belvederebritishschool.com

Address: Belvedere British School,

Mohammed Bin Zayed City

street 31,

Behind Al Safeer Mall,

P.O.Box 109770

Abu Dhabi, UAE

Images

Task 2

Task 3

Task 4

Task 5

Page 1:About Us

Page 2: Clients

Page 3: Services

Page 4:  Blog

WEB DESIGN AND PROGRAMMING1

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This is a solution of Local Area Network Management Assignment that describes about reflecting their understanding of the technical details.

Local Area Network Management AssignmentPurpose of the assessment:

The purpose of this assignment is to allow the students to demonstrate their control over the commands of a CISCO Router and a Switch. The students are required to exercise and enhance their ability to understand, practise, and utilise a CISCO Router and a Switch commands; and they are required to write report by reflecting their understanding of the technical details.

Description of the assessment:

The assessment contains Part 1 and Part 2 as detailed below.

PART 1:          (10 marks)

In this assignment you are required to

  1. use CISCO Routers, Switches, and PCs in NetSim;
  1. write the commands for the following questions;
  1. demonstrate the commands to your tutor during week6-lab time;  and
  1. take screenshots of activities, and prepare clearly organised1000-word report
  1. submit report to the appropriate link under the Moodle.

Questions include as follows:

  1. What commands are used to view configurations of a router?
  1. What commands are used to save configurations of a router?
  • What commands are used to erase configurations of a router?
  1. What commands are used to reinitialise configurations ?
  1. What commands are used to rename a Router?
  1. What commands are used to set password secret for login?\
  • What commands are used to recover password secret for login?

PART 2:         (10 marks)

Design up a network of the following specification in NetSim:

  • 2 PCs (PC1 & PC2) are connected to a Switch A.
  • 2 PCs (PC3 & PC4) are connected to Switch B.
  • 2 PCs ( PC5 & PC6) are connected to a Hub wherein PC6 is a Server.
  • Switch A is connected to Router (R1) through Fast Ethernet interface.

BN207                                Local Area Network Management                            Page 2 of 4

  • Switch B is connected to Router (R2) through Fast Ethernet interface.
  • The Hub is connected to Router (R3) through Fast Ethernet interface.
  • The three routers are connected to each other through serial interfaces.
  • 1 PC (PC0) is used as a console and connected to R1 console port.
  • Assign an IP address to each of the PCs, and routers’ interfaces.

In line with the network design,

  1. Answer the following questions with respect to the network designed in the NetSim
  1. Point out the number of Broadcast domains with circle(s).
  1. Point out the number collision domains with oval(s).
  • Mention the type of cables used between the following devices:
  1. PC1 and Switch A.
  1. The Hub and R3.
  1. PC0 and R1.
  1. From PC0, go to Desktop tab, and then choose Terminal to access R1 through the console port. From R1 prompt, ping all other PCs to check connectivity with each of them.

Criteria for assessment:

Your assignment should be completed according to the General Guidelines for Presentation of Academic Work.

  • successful completion of required tasks
  • quality of figure
  • comments
  • meaningful names
  • accompanying documentation including
  • table of contents and page numbers
  • a front page – indicating your name, a statement of what has been completed and acknowledgement of the names of all people (including other students and people outside of the university) who have assisted you.
  • list of references used (IEEE style).

Local Area Network Management AssignmentSubmission guidelines:

  1. Your report should include the following:
  • The cover page must identify student (name and number), teaching staff, and assignment.
  • The assignment must use 12 point font size minimum and at least single line spacing with appropriate section headings.
  • Reference sources must be cited in the text of the report, and listed appropriately at the end in a reference list.
  1. The assignment must be submitted in soft (electronic) copy under Moodle.

 

BN207                                Local Area Network Management                            Page 3 of 4

Marking criteria:

Marks are allocated as follows:

Section to be included in Description of the section Marks
the report    
Introduction Clear outline of the overall tasks 1
Identification Description of the overall report 1
Part 1 Demonstrate the commands for any two 4
Command-demonstration questions nominated by the tutor during the  
  week6-lab.  
Part 1 Report Screenshot-based clearly organised 1000-word 4
  report.  
Part 2 Network design and Screenshot-based clearly 8
  organised 1000-word report that addresses all  
  designated questions.  
Reference style IEEE format 2
Poor writing Inadequate structure, careless presentation, or the -2
  report exceeds the word limit by more or less than  
  10%  
  Total 20


Extensions
: Requests for an extension, accompanied by supporting documentation, must be received by the student in writing before 3 working days from the due date else penalties may apply for late submission without an approved extension. Special consideration form is available on level 7 reception.

Plagiarism: Depending on the seriousness of the case, penalties can vary from a written warning or zero marks to exclusion from the course or rescinding the degree. Students should make themselves familiar with the full policy and procedure available at:

http://www.mit.edu.au/about-mit/institute-publications/policies-procedures-and-guidelines/Plagiarism-Academic-Misconduct-Policy-Procedure

  BN207 Local Area Network Management   Page 4 of 4
  Marking Rubric for Assignment #: Total Marks (20)    
  Student Name:       Marker’s Mark
            Name: Achieved:
  Student Id:            
              /20
  Submission Due: …./…../2016 Date        
  Submitted:…../…../ 2016          
  HD D C HD   D C
  18-20 15-17 12-14 18-20   15-17 12-14
    Excellent Very Good Good   Satisfactory Unsatisfactor
              y
  Introduction All topics are Topics are Generally   Some relevance This is not
    pertinent and relevant relevant and   and briefly relevant to the
  /1 covered in depth. and soundly analysed.   presented. assignment
    Ability to think analysed.       topic.
    critically and          
    source material is          
    demonstrated          
  Identification Complete and Good Acceptable   Poor Very poor or
  /1 comprehensive description description   description No description
    description presented presented   presented presented
  Part-1 Clear screenshots Clarity and Clarity and   Clarity and Clarity and
    are from the consistency consistency   consistency consistency
  /(4+4) environment and details and details are   and details are and details are
    used; and clear are to a to a great   to some extent. absent and
    consistent greater extent.     unclear.
    presentations of extent.        
    the commands          
    exist with          
    potential details.          
  Part-2 All elements are Component Components   Most Proposal lacks
    present and very s present present and   components structure.
  /4+4 well integrated. with good mostly well   present  
      cohesive integrated      
  Reference style Clear style switch Clear Generally   Sometimes Lacks
    excellent source referencing good   clear consistency
  /2 of references. style referencing   referencing with many
        style   style errors
  Poor writing Inadequate structure, careless presentation, or the report exceeds the -2
    word limit by more or less than 10%  

Cheap Assignment Help  provide best quality assignment writing service in affordable prices and we are providing most flexible assignment writing according to Students need, so book your Assignment with us, Order Now.

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Pre-Treatment Line for Powder Coating

CAREER EPISODE 1

CE1: NARRATIVEI–            Pre-Treatment Line for Powder Coating

Introduction:

CE1.0              Sidharth Automat INDIA Pvt. Ltd. is a company that offers basic to state-of-the art engineered solution in painting equipment.I joined this company after my graduation, as a GET in its manufacturing plant situated in SHAHJAHANPUR, RAJASTHAN,INDIA in 2008. I was entrusted with a project of Pre-Treatment Line for client DAIKIN India Pvt. Ltd. at Neemrana, Rajasthan, India Plant. The project spanned from Feb 2010 to June2010

(5 Months). I was assignedthe position of Project Engineer.

Background:

CE1.1              The project given to our company was for PT line was one of my major projects which I handled during my stay at SIDHARTH AUTOMAT INDIA PVT. LTD.

CE1.2              The nature of the project was to fabricate and install PT-ED line at their new powder coating pain line. This was DAIKIN’s first air-conditioner manufacturing plant in INDIA. Design for this paint shop line was done by PARKER ENGINEERING. Our company was an approved vendorfor providing engineered solution in painting equipment with capability of in-house fabrication.This particular project was of multi-stage phosphate pretreatment as per figure-1.

multi-stage phosphate

Figure-1

Since, we were awarded this project, so we were responsible for the complete fabrication and installation of PT line from loading platform to ED line including piping and ducting.

Machines Used:CNC Punching, Shearing, Bending, Welding and other finishing tools

Software Used: Auto CAD

CE1.3              The main objective of the project was to fabricate and install pretreatment line within the target timeset by PARKER ENGINEERING by ensuring proper quality and safety.

CE1.4              My roles and responsibilities required me to study Auto CAD and Industry standards for welding, quality checks and commissioning. My roles and responsibilities in this project were as given below:

Active participation and important role in:

  • Calculating BOM and raw material requirements.
  • Conduct review of quality of incoming parts.
  • Creating shop floor drawings from layout drawings given by PARKER ENGINEERING.
  • Creating sheet metal development drawings using AutoCAD
  • Creating CNC punching machine’s programs using NC Express software
  • Supervising fabrication for quality and to check whether it is according to project plan or not
  • Meeting with client forpreparing production plans, quality Plans andprocedures.
  • Responsible for on-time delivery of parts at site
  • Commissioning of parts at site as per industry standards of safety
  • Adherence to process described as per ISO 9002 certification and documentation

ORGANIZATIONAL CHART:

ORGANIZATIONAL CHART

Personal Engineering Activity:

CE1.5              This was a very important assignment since this project was awarded to me independently first time in my career in Sidharth Automat India Pvt Ltd. I had to gain enough knowledge on the engineering subjects. So I had to improve my knowledge on Engineering subjects and refresh on topics such as Welding technology, Engineering Drawings, Mechanics and AutoCAD.

CE1.6              I started my role by studying and understanding the assembly set up drawings and specifications given by client.

CE1.7              I started this project by calculating bill of material and preparing a detailed sheet of raw material. A brainstorming discussion was heldwith project manager and all the stake holders to prepare a production plan.A task force was formed to address different issues like:

  • Identification of proper place for storage of finished products
  • The flow of requiredquantity of raw material

CE1.8              I started building shop floor drawings for structure for tanks and platforms. These drawings were handed over to shop floor supervisors after proper instructions of procedure which had to be followed, for example proper cutting using Bend Saw machine instead of Gas Cutting, welding instructions for proper grooving. Quality checks to ensure all procedures were according to drawings and standard engineering practice, for example welding parameters, finishing and painting, proper packing as per requirement. Figure 2, 3, 4, 5 shows real time pictures for structure cutting, welding works, painting and packaging respectively.

Mechanics and Auto CAD

 

CE1.9              While structure fabrication was in progress I created 2d drawings for sheet metal parts and their development sizes to cut them using CNC Machines. While this procedure I used my engineering knowledge to calculate proper sizes by considering bending allowances and K factors.

K-factor- K-factor is a ratio of location of the neutral line to the material thickness as defined by t/T where t = location of the neutral line and T = material thickness.

In sheet metal design, the K-factor is used to calculate how much sheet metal one needs to leave for the bend in order to achieve particular final dimensions, especially for between the straight sides next the bend

Bend Allowance-The bend allowance (BA) is the length of the arc of the neutral line between the tangent points of a bend in any material. Adding the length of each flange taken between the center of the radius to the BA gives the Flat Pattern length.

Bend Allowance

Figure-6

Diagram showing a standard dimensioning scheme when using Bend Allowance formulas

Note that when dimensions “C” are specified, dimension B = C – R – T

These drawings were then uploaded in NC Express software to fetch a program of CNC punching machine. By using these programs raw sheets were cut down to flat patterned panels. These sheets were then fetched to other machines as per requirement; for example if bending is required then CNC bending machines was used to give the proper shape to the part. These sheet metals parts were then welded to structure on their respective positions according to drawing given by client. Figure 7 shows the blank size for a panel created in AutoCAD and figure 8 shows the NC Express program for development size to be cut on CNC Punching Machine. In figure 9 a typical phosphate tank is under process. After completing the structure work for tank, sheets were welded on that after proper shearing and blanking using machines like shearing, punching and bending as per requirement of part.

blanking using machines                      CE1.10            After complete inspection of parts in front of client at our company for example dye penetration method for leak testing; all parts were loaded to transportation vehicles to dispatch them to assembly site. All the loading was done keeping all factors into consideration, which can damage parts during transportation. Heavy parts were properly supported or welded to the sitting fixtures. Figure 10 and figure 11 show some loading of heavy duty structure.

loading of heavy duty structure

Figure-10                                                                              Figure-11

CE1.11            Final task was to set up the assembly line. All the parts were unloaded at site and after proper inspection of defects, which happened during transportation, were rectified.

I tried to understand the problems, which we might face during installation. I made a list of such tasks and discussed it with client and project manager, and asked for their views. After collecting all these information, I tried to find best solution so that it would be comfortable for operators during erection. These parts were then assembled as per layout drawing given by client. All the safety standards and parameters were followed. Finally pretreatment line for powder coating was assembled. Figure 12 and figure 13 shows the erection of hot water rinse tank and its platform respectively.

I tried to find best solution

Figure-12                                                                                                              Figure-13

Figure 14 shows a painting enclosure for Pre-Treatment line.

shows a painting enclosure for Pre-Treatment line

Figure-14 

 

CE1.12            Major Challenges in this project were due to welding, so maintaining proper parameters of welding all the time on shop floor was a challenging task. There were other challenges as well, for example defect minimization, distortion control and dimensional stability of large and complex assemblies. To overcome these problems, I attended some welding workshops which were organized by our plant head (Technical) and also by referring Manufacturing Process engineering subject for “Welding Types and Parameters”. In this training, I learnt different types of welding and its various applications. Training helped me in solving the problems I faced.To understand the process of erection at site, I attended one week onsite training at NISSAN, CHENNAI, INDIA in Dec, 2009 under our project manager which was stationed at that site. That training helped me a lot during my project, for example maintaining inventory at site, proper records of bought out parts and services, making process plans, maintaining safety parameters, which is very important while we work on site.

SUMMARY

CE1.13            This was the first major project independently executed by me; hence it improved my techno-management skills leading to cross-functional teamwork/efficiency. Unitinted efforts from me resulted in accomplishing the set objective of project within the targeted timeframe and cost. As a Project Engineer, apart from project planning, execution and designing fixture; I played an important role in cost estimation and quality evaluation. Pretreatment line worked absolutely fine when DAIKIN started their production. Success of the project accounted for enhanced profits to the Company and I was rewarded with a 7-day paid holiday too!

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Accounting Assignment Help USA

PART 2 

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this assignment is to provide the students with the skill to estimate demand functions and its applicationin the real world.

REQUIREMENT:

A company wants to develop a model to determine a suggested listing price  for houses based on the size of the house and the age of the house. She selects a sample of houses that have sold recently in a particular area, and she records the selling price, the square footage of the house, the age of the house and also the condition (good, excellent or mint) of each house as shown in Table 1:

________________________________________________________________________________

Selling Price        Square Footage                Age        Excellent house*    Mint House*Condition

($)                                     (feet)                         (Years)

________________________________________________________________________________

95,000                                   1,926                     30                           0                              0                              Good

119,000                 2,069                     40                           1                              0                              Excellent

124,800                 1,720                     30                           1                              0                              Excellent

135,000                 1,396                     15                           0                              0                              Good

142,800                 1,706                     32                           0                              1                              Mint

145,000                 1,847                     38                           0                              1                              Mint

159,000                 1,950                     27                           0                              1                              Mint

165,000                 2,323                     30                           1                              0                              Excellent

182,000                 2,285                     26                           0                              1                              Mint

183,000                 3,752                     35                           0                              0                              Good

200,000                 2,300                     35                           0                              0                              Good

211,000                 2,525                     17                           0                              0                              Good

215,000                 3,800                     40                           1                              0                              Excellent

219,000                 1,740                     12                           0                              1                              Mint

__________________________________________________________________________________

Note : * 1 – if house is in excellent/mint condition and 0 – otherwise

You are required to do the following:

  1. Initially the company plans and believes that a better model can be developed if all the variables are being used in the regression equation.
  2. Write the estimated regression equation.

(5)         

  1. Interpret economically the estimated intercept (a) and slope (b) coefficient.

(2.5)

  1. Test the hypothesis (at 0.05 level) that there is no relationship (i.e., βj = 0) between the variables.

(2.5)

  1. Calculate the coefficient of determination.

(2.5)

  1. Perform an analysis of variance on the regression, including an F-test of the overall significance of the results (at 0.05 level).

(2.5) 

  1. Cascade Pharmaceuticals Company developed the following regression model, using time-series data from the past 33 quarters, for one of its nonprescription cold remedies:

__________________________________________________________________________________

Dep. Var              N                             R                             R2                   Adjusted R2                 Standard

errorof estimate

__________________________________________________________________________________

SALES (Y)             33   0.64(a)          0.615    0.604              27.87

__________________________________________________________________________________

Un-standardised Coefficients     Standardised Coefficients

__________________________________________________________________________________

Model 1                                 B                           Std. Error             Beta                         T                            p-value

__________________________________________________________________________________

Constant                -1.041                  1.513                    0.635                     -0.688                    0.879

X1                            0.239                    0.032                     0.480                     7.469                     0.001*

X2                            -0.26                        0.070   -0.202                    -3.714    0.002*

___________________________________________________________________________

a Predictors: (Constant), X1, X2

b Dependent Variable: Y (SALES)

*Significant at the p <.05 level

__________________________________________________________________________________

Model                   Sum of  Squares               df            Mean Square                    F                  p-value

__________________________________________________________________________________

Regression                275.83                             2                 90291.32          31.402       0.001*

Residual                     195.28                             30                   903.81

Total                      470.11                   33

__________________________________________________________________________________

a Predictors: (Constant), X1,X2

b Dependent Variable: Y (SALES)

*Significant at the p < .05 level

Where;

Y =  quarterly sales (in thousands of cases) of the cold remedy

X1 = Cascade’s quarterly advertising (multiply $1,000) for the cold remedy

X2 = competitors’ advertising for similar product (multiply $10,000)

  1. Which of the independent variables (if any) appears to be statistically significant (at 0.05 level) in explaining sales of the cold remedy?

(4)

  1. What proportion of the total variation in sales is explained by the regression equations?

(4)

  1. Perform F-test (at 0.05 level) of the overall explanatory power of the model. Explain.

(4)

  1. What additional statistical information (if any) would you find useful in the evaluation of this model? Explain.

(3)

(Total: 30 Marks)

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BUSINESS OPERATIONS AND SYSTEMS ASSIGNMENT

Introduction

The assignment is about business operations and Systems management in which B&M group is been discussed which is a variety retailer in UK and wants to move its business online. By using various models, the challenges of moving the grocery business o online platform will be discussed in the report. Although, the usage of internet is increasing year by year, grocery business at online platform is not as profitable as other businesses are. A rich picture diagram will be discussed in the assignment for the business issue and business process plans are made which will help the business to achieve its targets.(Bandmretail, 2016)

Part 1

About B&M Home Store UK Online

B&M is one of the biggest variety retailers in United Kingdom and is formed in the year 1978. Its first store was in Blackpool and now the no of stores increased to more than 500 and it also provides employment to around 22500 employees. It sells the products which are of big brands which include FMCG and non-grocery products. The products are provided at discounted prices which attract more and more customers. Word of mouth is the main advertisement technique of B&M which increases the no of transactions o the stores. (Bandmretail, 2016)

B&M operations

B&M operations

The brand has over 500 stores in UK and around 50 stores in Germany. The supermarket is doing quite well in the industry. The company is continuously earning high revenues and achieving sales growth. B&M follows multi price model which makes it different from the rest of the supermarkets of the industry in UK. The company has limited product lines which are increased to increase the interests of the customers. The company invests in its infrastructure which includes transport, warehouse, distribution activities to minimise the future costs. The group also has important IT systems which are helpful in maintaining data, protecting data and risk management. (Bandmretail, 2016)

The approach of B&M is “keep it simple” because what the group believe is that everyone loves to bargain. The group opened its 500th store in the year 2016 and aims to deliver best products at best prices to its customers so that they can have excellent shopping experience at its stores.

Challenges/ Issues in moving the business online

Challenges/ Issues in moving the business online

B&M group is no doubt growing at a good speed in the supermarket industry. It has its own customers and own speciality but B&M might face some issues or challenges if it decide to introduce online platform for its customers so that they can make purchases online and the products get delivered to them at their doorstep. Some of them are:

Tough competition from existing online players: There are lots of online players which exist in the market. B&M group will have to face really tough and stiff competition from these players.

Customers are not yet so familiar with online grocery shopping: The customers who belong to the older generations are not yet familiar with online purchasing of groceries. They still believe in buying the products in their physical presence and some of them do not know the processes or methods of buying the groceries online so, B&M will have to face these issues at a large scale. (Pathak, 2012)

Incomplete understanding of an online customer: The customers who are active online are differentand have differentexpectations from the business. So, B&M will have to gain complete understanding of the customer who are purchasing online.

Logistics incapability: B&M is still unable to manage its inventory, data and much other type of transactions which are the core functions of any business. So, it will create problems when the business will be started online. (Pathak, 2012)

The face of retail is changing and now internet drives the behaviour of consumers.

Different models for online business

There are different models which can be used by B&M for going online. Every model satisfied different needs of the business. Different models are:

Advertising: This model involves the display of the content on the website of the business with the advertisement messages.

Merchant: In this model there are retailers and wholesalers involved which provides goods or services. Here, sales are made on list prices.

Manufacturer model: This model is the direct model where the manufacturer directly reaches consumer so that the distribution channel can be made more simplified and costs may be minimized. In this model, the design and development of sites are done by the business itself which reduces costs.

Subscription model: Here, the users/ customers are asked for charges to be paid to use the subscribed services by them. The charges can be monthly or annually.

Outsource: here the services of design and development are outsourced by some other company and they are paid in return for the services taken. Here the expert services can be gained by paying a pre decided amount.

Rich Picture

Rich Picture

Impact of operations management on organisation’s performance

Sustainability refers to the designs and operations of the organisation which reduces the harmful impact of the operations of the organisation on the future generations and generate higher rate of return for the business. It consists of three elements Planet, People and Profit which aretogether known as Triple Bottom Line.

Planet refers to the environmental practices which aims at providing least harm to the environment and maximum growth to the planet like introduction of GPS systems to reduce the usage of fuel and emission of CO2 in case of multiple rounds for single delivery of products to customer.

People refer to the responsibility of organisation towards its people so that well-structured and fair treatment is given to the employees.

Profit refers to the profit and loss account of the business. It means how much economic value has been created by the company through its operations after deducting all the costs.

In short this approach aims to measure the performance of business by three aspects people, planet and profit.

Triple Bottom Line approach

TBL- Triple Bottom Line approach (People, Profit, Planet)

Four V’s business model

Four V’s business model is considered to support the decision of B&M for moving online. The four V’s stands for Volume, Variety, Variation in demand and Visibility. These are explained below:

Volume: B&M may have to face the volume problems in online business. The volume of sales in online business will be low as compared to the sales made in stores. It may increase in future but initially, this hit in volume is sales will have to be borne by B&M. But in future, the volumes will be much higher than the sales made at physical stores because the users of internet are increasing day by day and it will also increase the no of buyers in the sector. (PWC, 2016)

Variety: the variety of products which can be sold online is wide. The percentage of online retail is increasing year by year. A retailer can offer wide variety of products to the customers on online platform which cannot be offered in physical stores due to many reasons like shortage of space, shortage of work force, etc. Online sales do not need any extra labour or workforce for displaying extra products or do not need any extra space. At online platform, different products can be sold. Also the used products can be sold to the consumers who are in search of the used products. (Ingene, 2014)

Variation in Demand: B&M will face huge variation in demand when the business will be shifted online. Customers, as already discussed are not yet familiar with the purchases made online that too groceries. Some of the customers are unaware of the processes or the payment methods which have to be adopted while making purchases online. So, the online demand is far less than the demand of customers for the products in physical stores. It will take time for the consumers to get familiar with the same but it willbeachieved soon. (PWC, 2016).Online shopping is very convenient because a consumer can purchase any product at any time and from anywhere if he has access to internet. Now a day’s people do not have time to visit market and look for a single item at different shops to compare between them but this is made possible to them at a single platform, sitting at home and getting access to wide variety of products. So, the demand of online shopping is increasing at a good speed. (Ingene, 2014)

Visibility: Customers still feel that they need to buy the products by touching and feeling them at first and then they can decide for buying them. This is the major drawback for online shopping because customers have to see or check the products virtually in online shopping and then they can actually feel theproducts when they are delivered to the consumer while in physical stores, customers first feel the product, check them and then buy them which decreases dissatisfaction in them regarding shopping. (PWC, 2016)

As it is clear that online sales of grocery is very slow in United Kingdom. The total online sales are online 4-7 per cent of total grocery sales of supermarkets. The main operations models for discussing the problems of moving the business of supermarket online are given below:

Demand problem: Demand problems startwiththe consumer’s end. The consumers do not like to pay charges for delivery of products to their doorstep. Sometimes the deliveries of products are made very late, and this causes inconvenience for the shoppers. The perishable items are not delivered as fresh as they were ordered, which is also a big issue. In order to influence customers for making purchases online and to increase demand for online business, the businesses have to concentrate on making the customers satisfied. (Tiwari, 2009)

Supply problem: The main problem of supply side is from the end of businesses. Online grocery sales are not much profitable for the businesses. This is because for designing and creating an online platform, latest technology is to be adopted which needs maintenance and cost for technology which costs millions for the business. The supply chains for online business are not as easy as it seems to be. The doorstep delivery of different products to theconsumers costs too much to the business. The delivery is to be made at different areas with different temperatures and different types of products which may include perishable goods or fragile products for which extra care have to be taken care of. The businesses have to maintain huge warehouses and assembly of products have to be done which takes lot of time and efforts. (Tiwari, 2009)

Operations strategies at B&M

Quality:

Quality in the supermarket refers to the quality of goods and services which are sold to consumers at a reasonable price. Quality is something with satisfies the customers of the supermarket according to their received standards. B&M should try to achieve the expected standards of the customers so that they can achieve higher customer satisfaction and higher revenue. (Zhang, 2014)

Speed:

Speed in the supermarket refers to the speed of delivery at which supermarkets provide goods and services to theconsumers. Timelydelivery is very important to satisfy the consumers and to bring them again for repeat sales.(PWC, 2016)

Flexibility

Flexibility refers to that power or feature of business which enables it to change itself according to the demand of the consumers. Flexibility may be achieved in pries of products, quality of products, delivery of products, etc. B&M can achieve flexibility to bring in more customers for the business. (Zhang, 2014)

Dependability

Dependability refers to the power of business to deliver services on time so that it can develop its positive image among the customers and increase the no of customers on the basis of its goodwill.

Solutions for making easier online shopping

It is seen that although Internet and its usage is increasing at a rapid rate, Online shopping is still not so convenient and easy for the shoppers and this is because of many reasons which are discussed above. The supermarkets have to adopt various solutions which make shopping easier and more convenient for the shoppers to buy with the help of fully integrated mobile applications. The recommended solutions are:

Improved delivery chain:

The delivery chain in case of online retail should be improved. The managers of B&M should invest in people who lead to the success of the operations. The shipping costs should be minimized by exploring different alternatives. The products should be delivered to the customer on the promised dates. (Haber, 2013)

Cost implications:

Starting online retail business includes huge amount of costs in form of website development costs, logistics and shipping costs, warehousing costs, etc. These can be reduced when B&M adopts certain methods like charging shipping costs from the customers up to a certain amount and free shipping after a certain amount. More no of orders will enable the store to deliver the products directly from warehouse to the customer which reduces the inventory and distribution costs. It will also reduce the final prices charged from the consumers.

Sustainability:

Online retailing is a sustainable opportunity for the business. This makes the shopping experience more personalised and accessible for the customers. It brings sustainability for the consumers as they will get more personalised offers and the geographical or physical boundaries for them will be reduced. Customers will be able to make decisions from more choices available to them and will become more sustainable. (Madden, 2012)

Marketing:

Proper and efficient marketing is necessary for making online shopping interesting for the consumers. Discount codes or coupons can be offered which delivers value to the customers and they begin to purchase online, free shipping can also be used to make online shopping lucrative. Other methods of promotion  or marketing can include introducing gift cards, loyalty points, Integration with the social media like Face book, Instagram, Twitter, etc. or mailing the customers regarding new products or services offered at the online website of store. (Tiwari, 2009)

Parcel conundrum

Parcel conundrum refers to the situation where the delivery of the parcels is not successfully made to the shoppers. (Bomford, 2012) This increases the costs for the company and also irritates the customers. In UK almost 12% of the deliveries fail in the first place and then the parcels are redelivered. The customers, who wait for their packages, do not get timely delivery and they agitate. But it is also difficult for the courier companies as they had to wait for long hours when the customer is not at home. There is a solution for B&M to this; a GPS tracker can be made available to the customer through which they can track their orders. It will save the environment by less emissions of CO2 as less rounds of delivery will be made and less fuel will be used.

Part 2

Part 2

Rich Picture

Rich Picture is used to explore a situation by following diagrams which are created like models of the situations. This is the part of Soft Systems Technology (SSM) and used for analysis of the situation.

The above rich picture shows that the company B&M supermarket wants to move its business to the online platform for which it needs to cover several activities like Market research from where the data will be collected which will give an idea of the requirements of the markets and will show whether the idea is feasible or not. The data will then be evaluated by the director of the supermarket and the team and the whole administration together will analyse the resources required to fulfil the objective of the organisation. The project teams will be formed to carry out the tasks. Web development teams and web analysts will be hired for the development of the website. Marketing is required to make people aware of the website of the supermarket so that they can make purchases and spread information further. Marketing strategies will also be used to analyse and fight the competition in the industry. The current and potential clients will be approached for the success of the business and further market research will help in making the business better.(Berg, Pooley, 2013)

Root definition

It is the first step in the soft systems methodology and it involves analysing and designing of the main problem. The root definition of the report is to find out and analyse the issues B&M might face if they decide to introduce facilities to enable their customers to order goods online and have them delivered to the door.(Haber, 2013)

CATWOE Model

CATWOE Model formulates the root definition. It is an acronym which stands for:

C- Clients, A-Actors, T- Transformation, W- World View, O- Owner, E- Environmental limitations

This is the tool which checks the root definition. The CATWOE analysis of B&M and its root definition is as follows:

Clients- These are the beneficiaries of the system i.e. B&M’s customers in this case who care the ultimate beneficiaries of online business idea of the company

Actors- These are the people who carry out the activities and bring transformation like the operations managers of B&M who carry out operations for online business of the company

Transformation Process- It means the activities which are taken place to bring transformation. In this case, B&M is developing websitesand attracting customers for the success of its online business.

World View- It is theview that brings root definition meaningful. Online retail business of B&M will increase the scope of capturing more markets and wide variety will be made available to the customers.(Haber, 2013)

Owners-Owners are the persons who have ultimate power to carry the system. In this case, the owners of B&M have the ultimate power to take all the decisions to carry the online retail business.

EnvironmentalLimitations- These are the limitations, constraints, etc.which limits the operations of the business. Like in this case, the competitors, legal requirements, taxes, technological constraints, etc. have to be taken care of while bringing retail business online. (Madden, 2012)

Business Process Plan

 

Business Process Plan

This is the planning process which tells about the actions which are to be taken while making a business plan for online retail business of B&M

S. No. As Is To Be
1. The business operations were running through physical stores Online business operations need a website which will be used to carry out sales of products and services by B&M
2. Transportation cost is mainly for transferring goods from manufacturers to stores Transportation costs are mainly occurred on shipping products to the customers
3. Rent is to be paid for stores Maintenance charges are to be paid to the website developer
4. The variety of goods were less due to unavailability of space Variety of goods provided to customers is more because for providing more products, more space is not required. More products have to be displayed on the website for the purpose of sales.
5. Human resources are needed for management of stores and assist customers who visit stores. Human resources are needed for management of website and to assist customers through telephones or emails.

(Madden, 2012)

Part 3

Turning performance objectives into Operations priorities and resources necessary for implementation of new process

B&M has been successful in delivering strong numbers in sales by providing excellent services and great infrastructure to the stakeholders. The objectives of B&M are to providing exceeding shopping experience to the customers and to gain profits out of it. B&M wants to move its business to online platform which might face many challenges due to the volume, costs, delivery speed and many other factors. On the other hand it is also beneficial as more variety can be provided to customers, more market can be covered and market presence will be increased. The managers will achieve these objectives by using different models of online business like Manufacturer model in which the products are directly delivered to the customers from the manufacturer’s warehouse. It makes distribution channel simpler and it also helps in minimizing costs to a great level because the costs related to the distribution of products to different places like wholesaler and retailer will be eliminated.(PWC, 2016)

The new process is regarding the shift of the business of supermarket to online platform so that the purchase process and delivery of the products can be made easier for the customers. Easyprocesses will encourage customer to buy more from the particular supermarket and hence the sales of the supermarket will increase. There are certain resources which are necessary for the implementation of the plan of shifting the retail business into online business like:

Technical resources: Website is needed to be developed for successful retail operations. For the development of attractive website technological resources are needed. Latest technology is to be obtained for attractive features in the website to make the customer’s experiences better.(PWC, 2016)

Financial resources: For any operation of business, finance is required. It is required for website development, hiring technical staff, purchase of technology, etc. Contracts are signed with courier partners for making deliveries which need more funds.

Human resources: Website development team is needed for managing thesoftware’s and the customer acre staff is required for assisting the customers in placing orders and for other queries. Staffs are required for making deliveries to the customers. (PWC, 2016)

Business performance post implementation can be measured through a Balanced Scorecard. It is a tool which is used to measure the planning and management of business and to monitor the performance of the business activities. There are four different perspectives according to which the strategies are made into actions in the company. These perspectives are:

Financial perspectives: The financial perspectives includethe long and short term growth of B&M in terms of revenue, sales, return on capital, etc. Total revenue of the B&M group increased by 29.5% in the year 2015, netcash flow from operations also increased by 33.3% and also a final dividend of 2.5p per share. The growth opportunities are been grabbed by the company by taking the business to online platform. The cost structure will also improve by this because the cost of retail outlets and delivery chains will babe reduced. (bandmretail, Financial reports 2015, 2015)

Customer perspectives:Customers of B&M gave good response to the business because value is provided to the customers. A broad range of FMCG products and non-grocery products are provided to thecustomers which increases the customer base and satisfaction level of customers. The customers of B&M are created through word of mouth and very low level of advertising is done so that the burden of the advertising costs does not pass on to the customers. Quality products and services are been provided to the customers to achieve customer loyalty.(bandmretail, Financial reports 2015, 2015)

Internal business process perspectives: It shows how that management handles the micro environment of the company which includes the processes of management, supply chain, innovation and much more. These processes are main functions of any organisation. B&M critically evaluate the needs and demands of its customers to provide them the products and services of excellent quality. This increases the profits of the organisation and the management finds out that what they need further to develop the business. (B&M, 2015)

Learning and Growth perspectives: It includes formation of a good team which helps in achieving the objectives of the company. The team is motivated in B&M to work hard and achieve the goals and objectives of the organisation. Ethics and code of conduct is maintained at theorganisation. The capability of employees is enhanced so that they can provide good results.(B&M, 2015)

Conclusion

The report is about the supermarket B&M in UK which is planning to take a shift from the retail store business to the online business and he challenges during this shift is been discussed which can be the unacceptability by the customers, cost of website development, competition in the industry, etc. Also certain recommendations are been given for successful online business of supermarket. CATWOE analysis has been done to formulate the root definition and at last balance scorecard is been explained for measuring company’s performance.

References

  • B&M. (2015). Interim results 2014-2015. Retrieved 06 14, 2016, from http://www.bandmretail.com/~/media/Files/B/BM-Stores/reports-and-presentations/financial-reports/interim-results-presentation-2014-15.pdf
  • (2015). Financial reports 2015. Retrieved 06 14, 2016, from http://www.bandmretail.com/investors/reports-and-presentations/financial-reports/fr-2015.aspx
  • (2016). about us. Retrieved 06 13, 2016, from http://www.bandmretail.com/
  • Berg, T. &Pooley, R. 2013, “Rich Pictures: Collaborative Communication Through Icons”, Systemic Practice and Action Research, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 361-376.
  • Bomford, A. (2012, 07 6). The parcel conundrum. BBC .
  • Haber, J. (2013, May). 8 Ways to Strengthen Online Retailer Supply Chains. Inbound Logistics .
  • Ingene, C. 2014, “Retail evolution”, Journal of Historical Research in Marketing, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 279-299.
  • Madden, P. (2012, March 15). Digital retail: A sustainability opportunity? theguardian .
  • Moreira, A.B., Chauvel, M.A. & Silva, RenataCéli Moreira da 2013, “The decision-making process to purchase from online supermarkets: a qualitative research with customers from ‘ZonaSulAtende'”, JISTEM – Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 81.
  • Pathak, B.K. 2012, “Comparison Shopping Agents and Online Price Dispersion: A Search Cost based Explanation”, Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 64-12.
  • (2016). Strategy and Click and cash. Retrieved 06 13, 016, from http://www.strategyand.pwc.com/media/file/Strategyand_Click-and-cash.pdf
  • Tiwari, R. S. , ‘Retail Management, Retail Concepts and Practices’, Anonymous Translator(, Global Media, 2009;2008;).
  • Zhang, C.Y. 2014, “The design of campus online supermarket management system”, , pp. 3316.

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Business

Importance of BPM in Human Resources

Human resource spending, in several companies across the world, range from 40-60% of the total company costs. Considering the magnitude of impact human resources can have on a company’s bottom line, HR processes are often a key focus for the in house compliance groups. These processes are top priority, especially for HR intensive businesses, as they are linked to sensitive issues like reporting of financials, and data and system access to employees.

Why Improving HR Processes Can Be Difficult and How Can BPM Help

Importance of BPM in Human ResourcesDespite the importance and critical nature of HR processes, many companies find it difficult to streamline these to ensure full compliance and high visibility. This leads to redundancies and loss of efficiency in processes, costing the company valuable resources. HR departments of companies are riddled with loads of documentation and activities relating to risk assessments, which leave them with little or no time to think about or improve the processes’ efficiency.

More and more companies are now choosing to automate their HR processes not only to improve efficiency, but also to mitigate several process related risks. Companies are automating the full spectrum of HR processes starting from hiring, payroll to terminations. BPM is allowing them to make these changes faster, and in a much safer and quicker way than customizing their existing HR management systems. 

Benefits of BPM in HR Processes

BPM has many benefits to offer when it comes to improving HR processes:

  • BPM allows for real time monitoring of processes and helps identify bottlenecks. Tasks can be easily escalated when required and the managers can be alerted for quick actions, making way for quicker, smarter and more compliant processes.
  • Using integration of systems at the back end, automatic routing of tasks and electronic format forms, BPM can help get rid of up to 90% of admin HR work, which eats up considerable company resources every year.
  • Companies get complete audit trail of processes and documentation, making it easier for them to ensure compliance.
  • Another key advantage of using BPM is getting high level of visibility into the processes. This facilitates faster identification of issues, higher employee satisfaction and cost savings for the company.

A BPM system connects various pieces of information available within different departments and sections of the organization pertaining to a single key. For example, for employee Keith (the key), information about his date of joining, salary, perks etc may be drawn from the employment records. ThisImportance of BPM in Human Resources is linked to his current designation, present project, details of his team and supervisor, and the most recent performance appraisal. Keith’s record is also linked to his leave record and other activity details. Say, Keith has applied for a 10 day vacation – with the BPM system, his manager will have a bird’s eye view of whether Keith is eligible for leave and whether any critical projects will be affected by his absence. The manager can just talk to Keith’s project head and get his approval for the leave within minutes. With a paper based documentation system, the same process would take days.

The results of using BPM to improve HR processes have been nothing short of spectacular. But this is not surprising if you consider a recent study by Gartner (titled ‘What’s Cooking in BPM’) that revealed that BPM projects had a more than 90% success rate with about half the projects concluding in under 4 months span

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This is a solution of Beliefs Surrounding Management Assignment that describes about Developing business in case of Management and leadership.

Introduction

Management and leadership are very distinct skills. Yet in most cases, we anticipate corporate managers to win us with their detail-focused approach to administration and then abruptly transform into visionary frontrunners the moment they do not get promotions. In my experience, a leader is someone who sees prospect and puts transformation in motion(Green and Butkus, 2011). Managers are people who follow the leaders and see the way of structuring things to generate value for their companies. I have established the most effective leaders are not really the best managers.

It is a myth that leaders and managers are similar. While not all leaders might be managers, all managers need to be leaders. Managers that lack effective traits of leadership would drive businesses into the ground quickly than you are able to count 1 to 10. Moving from managers to leaders cannot happen overnight(Hamel, 2007). It takes energy and time to improve how you utilize and manage more leadership traits on an everyday basis.

Personally, based on my own experience, I believe most managers are effective in their duties of corporate management. This is because they allow the employees to contribute in the process of decision-making. As such, they transform what would have been a command into something that is friendly and easily swallowed by the employees(Green and Butkus, 2011). Such kind of approach also inspires creativity, autonomy, and motivation in their staff.

One thing I noticed, which managers should consider changing is the way they handle their employees’ mistakes: they are always good at criticizing the mistakes. Pointing out the mistakes of their employees directly would just leave the workers feeling frustrated and embarrassed. Effective managers should give their workers the opportunity of learning and growing, enabling them to deal with their faults themselves.

For instance, say a scheme was delivered to a customer and the manager receives a resentful message in return. The manager should calmly ask his or her employees regarding the concern of the client and whether they believe, what was offered was fit. This would give the employees an opportunity of providing input and understanding what needs improvement in the future (Hamel, 2007).

There is a very big conflict in what most managers say and what they do. While they claim to foster effective management for high levels of organizational productivity, most managers just do things that would favor them, in the end. Poor managers are usually at the top of taking credit for positive praises; efficient managers know the relevance of putting credits to their group for the great wins.

Conclusion

In general, most managers understand the importance of leading by example, for better overall outcomes. I believe that management must not be through force, but instead through influence and charisma (Green andButkus, 2011). That is exactly what I would do to improve the management skills, and take the management efforts to another level. In conclusion, effective managers should start enhancing their style of management through incorporating more leadership skills into it.

References

Green, T. B., &Butkus, R. T. (2011).Motivation, beliefs, and organizational transformation.Westport, Conn: Quorum.

Hamel, G. (2007). The future of management. Boston, Mass: Harvard Business School Press.

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Security And privacy Issues Associated With Big Data

Security And Privacy Issues Associated With Big DataBig data is a term used for the analysis of large amount of data, which is collected from more than one sources. Computers have become a part of our day to day life with the availability and use of the internet.  As the use of internet is growing, big data is continue to grow, in other words we can say that Big data is the collection of big data sets which are wide as well as complex to handle. In the mid twenties, big companies such as GE, AT&T and Amazon invested a lot to learn more about their customers. Companies apply logic according to the data available to decide that how many shirts or cars needs to be produced or whether to invest in the new equipment or plant. Big data is different from the other data because it comes from the different sources outside the company. It can be social media, government databases etc.

With the proliferation of devices connected to the Internet and connected to each other, the volume of data collected, stored, and processed is increasing everyday, which also brings new challenges in terms of the information security. Big data raises privacy and security issues because of managing volume and assuring constant access to data. Some of the applications are in areas such as healthcare, traffic management, banking, retail, education and so on.

 

Privacy issues

  • The biggest challenge for big data from a security point of view is the protection of the user’s privacy. Big data frequently contains huge amounts of personal identifiable information and therefore privacy of users is a huge concern.
  • Because of the big amount of data stored, breaches affecting big data can have more devastating consequences than the data breaches we normally see in the press. This is because a big data security breach will potentially affect a much larger number of people, with consequences not only from a reputational point of view, but with enormous legal ways.
  • When producing information for big data, organizations have to ensure that they have the right balance between utility of the data and privacy. Before the data is stored it should be adequately anonymised, removing any unique identifier for a user.
  • Adequate access control mechanisms will be a key in protecting the data. Access control has traditionally been provided by operating systems or applications restricting access to the information, which typically exposes all the information if the system or application is hacked.

Security issues

Security is the 2nd major challenge of the big data. C-I-A triad all three elements matter for the big data. Confidentiality is closely related to privacy. Big data usually involves big money; integrity of data that it should be correct and intact ensuring the availability of the data.

Big security issues are as follows:

  • Secure data storage
  • Transaction logs and auditing
  • Real time Security monitoring
  • Data accuracy
  • Quality of the source
  • End point filtering and validation

Security additions for big data applications

  • Authentication for end user web devices
  • Mutual authentication with Kerberos
  • Access control to files in hadoop file system
  • Delegation tokens for continuous authentication between internal client and services.
  • Job tokens for distributing access authorizations to multiple distributed platforms.
  • SSL encryption for network traffic.

Application of Big data

While understanding the concept of big data continues to remain a challenge; companies adopting big data to remain at the forefront. Most organization’s primary goals are to enhance customer experience, others goals includes reduction in cost, better targeted marketing and making business more efficient. Having a bird’s eye view of big data and its application in different industries. Most importantly big data helps in

  • Trying to decide whether there is a true value in big data
  • Evaluating the size of market opportunity
  • Developing new services and products
  • Repositioning existing services and products

Major industries using big data are banking and securities, tourism, education, health care provider, manufactures, government retail etc.